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Last update: May 20, 2021

Hyperledger Besu API methods

Attention

  • All JSON-RPC HTTP examples use the default host and port endpoint http://127.0.0.1:8545. If using the –rpc-http-host or –rpc-http-port options, update the endpoint.
  • Except for the examples made on the Ropsten network, the example requests are made against private networks. Depending on network configuration and activity, your example results might be different.

Besu JSON-RPC APIs documentation in Postman format

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ADMIN methods

The ADMIN API methods provide administrative functionality to manage your node.

Note

The ADMIN API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the ADMIN API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

admin_addPeer

Adds a static node.

Caution

If connections are timing out, ensure the node ID in the enode URL is correct.

Parameters

enode: string - enode URL of peer to add

Returns

result: boolean - true if peer added or false if peer already a static node

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_addPeer","params":["enode://f59c0ab603377b6ec88b89d5bb41b98fc385030ab1e4b03752db6f7dab364559d92c757c13116ae6408d2d33f0138e7812eb8b696b2a22fe3332c4b5127b22a3@127.0.0.1:30304"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_addPeer","params":["enode://f59c0ab603377b6ec88b89d5bb41b98fc385030ab1e4b03752db6f7dab364559d92c757c13116ae6408d2d33f0138e7812eb8b696b2a22fe3332c4b5127b22a3@127.0.0.1:30304"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": true
}

admin_changeLogLevel

Changes the log level without restarting Besu. You can change the log level for all logs, or you can change the log level for specific packages or classes.

You can specify only one log level per RPC call.

Parameters

  • level: string - log level

  • log_filter: array - (optional) packages or classes for which to change the log level

Returns

result: string - Success if the log level has changed, otherwise error

Example

The following example changes the debug level for specified classes to DEBUG.

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"admin_changeLogLevel", "params":["DEBUG", ["org.hyperledger.besu.ethereum.eth.manager","org.hyperledger.besu.ethereum.p2p.rlpx.connections.netty.ApiHandler"]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"admin_changeLogLevel", "params":["DEBUG", ["org.hyperledger.besu.ethereum.eth.manager","org.hyperledger.besu.ethereum.p2p.rlpx.connections.netty.ApiHandler"]], "id":1}
{
 "jsonrpc": "2.0",
 "id": 1,
 "result": "Success"
}

The following example changes the debug level of all logs to WARN.

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_changeLogLevel","params":["WARN"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_changeLogLevel","params":["WARN"], "id":1}
{
 "jsonrpc": "2.0",
 "id": 1,
 "result": "Success"
}

admin_generateLogBloomCache

Generates cached log bloom indexes for blocks. APIs such as eth_getLogs and eth_getFilterLogs use the cache for improved performance.

Tip

Manually executing admin_generateLogBloomCache is not required unless the --auto-log-bloom-caching-enabled command line option is set to false.

Note

Each index file contains 100000 blocks. The last fragment of blocks less than 100000 are not indexed.

Parameters

  • startBlock: string - block to start generating indexes

  • endBlock: string - block to stop generating indexes

Returns

result: object - log bloom index details:

  • startBlock: string - starting block for the last requested cache generation

  • endBlock: string - ending block for the last requested cache generation

  • currentBlock: string - most recent block added to the cache

  • indexing: boolean - indicates if indexing is in progress

  • boolean - indicates acceptance of the request from this call to generate the cache

Example

curl -X POST --data '{jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_generateLogBloomCache", "params":["0x0", "0x10000"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_generateLogBloomCache", "params":["0x0", "0x10000"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "startBlock": "0x0",
    "endBlock": "0x10000",
    "currentBlock": "0x0",
    "indexing": true,
    "requestAccepted": true
  }
}

admin_logsRemoveCache

Removes cache files for the specified range of blocks.

Parameters

  • fromBlock: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

  • toBlock: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

You can skip a parameter by using an empty string, "". If you specify:

  • No parameters, the call removes cache files for all blocks.

  • Only fromBlock, the call removes cache files for the specified block.

  • Only toBlock, the call removes cache files from the genesis block to the specified block.

Returns

result: object - Cache Removed status or error.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_logsRemoveCache","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_logsRemoveCache","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "Status": "Cache Removed"
  }
}

admin_logsRepairCache

Repairs cached logs by fixing all segments starting with the specified block number.

Parameters

startBlock: string - decimal index of the starting block to fix; defaults to the head block

Returns

result: object - status of the repair request; Started or Already running

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_logsRepairCache","params":["1200"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_logsRepairCache","params":["1200"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "Status": "Started"
  }
}

admin_nodeInfo

Returns networking information about the node. The information includes general information about the node and specific information from each running Ethereum sub-protocol (for example, eth).

Parameters

None

Returns

result: object - node object with the following fields:

  • enode: string - enode URL of the node

  • listenAddr: string - host and port for the node

  • name: string - client name

  • id: string - node public key

  • ports: object - peer discovery and listening ports

  • protocols: object - list of objects containing information for each Ethereum sub-protocol

Note

If the node is running locally, the host of the enode and listenAddr display as [::] in the result. When advertising externally, the external address displayed for the enode and listenAddr is defined by --nat-method.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_nodeInfo","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_nodeInfo","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "enode": "enode://87ec35d558352cc55cd1bf6a472557797f91287b78fe5e86760219124563450ad1bb807e4cc61e86c574189a851733227155551a14b9d0e1f62c5e11332a18a3@[::]:30303",
        "listenAddr": "[::]:30303",
        "name": "besu/v1.0.1-dev-0d2294a5/osx-x86_64/oracle-java-1.8",
        "id": "87ec35d558352cc55cd1bf6a472557797f91287b78fe5e86760219124563450ad1bb807e4cc61e86c574189a851733227155551a14b9d0e1f62c5e11332a18a3",
        "ports": {
            "discovery": 30303,
            "listener": 30303
        },
        "protocols": {
            "eth": {
                "config": {
                    "chainId": 2018,
                    "homesteadBlock": 0,
                    "daoForkBlock": 0,
                    "daoForkSupport": true,
                    "eip150Block": 0,
                    "eip155Block": 0,
                    "eip158Block": 0,
                    "byzantiumBlock": 0,
                    "constantinopleBlock": 0,
                    "constantinopleFixBlock": 0,
                    "ethash": {
                        "fixeddifficulty": 100
                    }
                },
                "difficulty": 78536,
                "genesis": "0x43ee12d45470e57c86a0dfe008a5b847af9e372d05e8ba8f01434526eb2bea0f",
                "head": "0xc6677651f16d07ae59cab3a5e1f0b814ed2ec27c00a93297b2aa2e29707844d9",
                "network": 2018
            }
        }
    }
}

admin_peers

Returns networking information about connected remote nodes.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of objects - list of objects returned for each remote node, with the following fields.

  • version: string - P2P protocol version

  • name: string - client name

  • caps: array of strings - list of Ethereum sub-protocol capabilities

  • network: object - local and remote addresses established at time of bonding with the peer (the remote address might not match the hex value for port; it depends on which node initiated the connection.)

  • port: string - port on the remote node on which P2P discovery is listening

  • id: string - node public key (excluding the 0x prefix, the node public key is the ID in the enode URL enode://<id ex 0x>@<host>:<port>.)

  • protocols: object - current state of peer including difficulty and head (head is the hash of the highest known block for the peer.)

  • enode: string - enode URL of the remote node

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_peers","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_peers","params":[],"id":1}
{
   "jsonrpc": "2.0",
   "id": 1,
   "result": [
     {
       "version": "0x5",
       "name": "besu/v20.10.4-dev-0905d1b2/osx-x86_64/adoptopenjdk-java-11",
       "caps": [
         "eth/62",
         "eth/63",
         "eth/64",
         "eth/65",
         "IBF/1"
       ],
       "network": {
         "localAddress": "192.168.1.229:50115",
         "remoteAddress": "168.61.153.255:40303"
       },
       "port": "0x765f",
       "id": "0xe143eadaf670d49afa3327cae2e655b083f5a89dac037c9af065914a9f8e6bceebcfe7ae2258bd22a9cd18b6a6de07b9790e71de49b78afa456e401bd2fb22fc",
       "protocols": {
         "eth": {
           "difficulty": "0x1ac",
           "head": "0x964090ae9277aef43f47f1b8c28411f162243d523118605f0b1231dbfdf3611a",
           "version": 65
         }
       },
       "enode": "enode://e143eadaf670d49afa3327cae2e655b083f5a89dac037c9af065914a9f8e6bceebcfe7ae2258bd22a9cd18b6a6de07b9790e71de49b78afa456e401bd2fb22fc@127.0.0.1:30303"
     }
   ]
}

admin_removePeer

Removes a static node.

Parameters

enode: string - enode URL of peer to remove

Returns

result: boolean - true if peer removed or false if peer not a static node

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_removePeer","params":["enode://f59c0ab603377b6ec88b89d5bb41b98fc385030ab1e4b03752db6f7dab364559d92c757c13116ae6408d2d33f0138e7812eb8b696b2a22fe3332c4b5127b22a3@127.0.0.1:30304"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"admin_removePeer","params":["enode://f59c0ab603377b6ec88b89d5bb41b98fc385030ab1e4b03752db6f7dab364559d92c757c13116ae6408d2d33f0138e7812eb8b696b2a22fe3332c4b5127b22a3@127.0.0.1:30304"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": true
}

CLIQUE methods

The CLIQUE API methods provide access to the Clique consensus engine.

Note

The CLIQUE API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the CLIQUE API methods use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

clique_discard

Discards a proposal to add or remove a signer with the specified address.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte address of proposed signer

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the proposal is discarded

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_discard","params":["0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_discard","params":["0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : true
}

clique_getSigners

Lists signers for the specified block.

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: array of string - list of 20-byte addresses of signers

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSigners","params":["latest"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSigners","params":["latest"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : [ "0x42eb768f2244c8811c63729a21a3569731535f06", "0x7ffc57839b00206d1ad20c69a1981b489f772031", "0xb279182d99e65703f0076e4812653aab85fca0f0" ]
}

clique_getSignerMetrics

Provides the following validator metrics for the specified range:

  • Number of blocks from each validator

  • Block number of the last block proposed by each validator (if any proposed in the specified range)

  • All validators present in the last block

Parameters

  • fromBlockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or the string tag earliest, as described in Block Parameter

  • toBlockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest or pending, as described in Block Parameter

If you specify:

  • No parameters, the call provides metrics for the last 100 blocks, or all blocks if there are less than 100 blocks.

  • Only the first parameter, the call provides metrics for all blocks from the block specified to the latest block.

Returns

result: array of objects - list of validator objects

Note

The proposer of the genesis block has address 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSignerMetrics","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSignerMetrics","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "address": "0x7ffc57839b00206d1ad20c69a1981b489f772031",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x61"
        },
        {
            "address": "0x42eb768f2244c8811c63729a21a3569731535f06",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x63"
        },
        {
            "address": "0xb279182d99e65703f0076e4812653aab85fca0f0",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x62"
        }
    ]
}

clique_getSignersAtHash

Lists signers for the specified block.

Parameters

hash: string - 32-byte block hash

Returns

result: array of string - list of 20-byte addresses of signers

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSignersAtHash","params":["0x98b2ddb5106b03649d2d337d42154702796438b3c74fd25a5782940e84237a48"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_getSignersAtHash","params":["0x98b2ddb5106b03649d2d337d42154702796438b3c74fd25a5782940e84237a48"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : [ "0x42eb768f2244c8811c63729a21a3569731535f06", "0x7ffc57839b00206d1ad20c69a1981b489f772031", "0xb279182d99e65703f0076e4812653aab85fca0f0" ]
}

clique_proposals

Returns current proposals.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: map of strings to booleans - map of account addresses to corresponding boolean values indicating the proposal for each account (if true, the proposal is to add a signer; if false, the proposal is to remove a signer.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_proposals","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_proposals","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "0x42eb768f2244c8811c63729a21a3569731535f07": false,
        "0x12eb759f2222d7711c63729a45c3585731521d01": true
    }
}

clique_propose

Proposes to add or remove a signer with the specified address.

Parameters

  • address: string - 20-byte address

  • proposal: boolean - true to propose adding signer or false to propose removing signer

Returns

result: boolean - true

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_propose","params":["0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73", true], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"clique_propose","params":["0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73", true], "id":1}
{
 "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
 "id" : 1,
 "result" : true
}

DEBUG methods

The DEBUG API methods allow you to inspect and debug the network. The DEBUG API is a more verbose alternative to the TRACE API, and its main purpose is compatibility with tools such as Remix. We recommend using the TRACE API for production use over the DEBUG API.

Note

The DEBUG API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the DEBUG API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

debug_accountRange

Retesteth uses debug_accountRange to implement debugging.

Returns the accounts for a specified block.

Parameters

  • blockHashOrNumber: string - block hash or number

  • txIndex: number - transaction index from which to start

  • address: string - address hash from which to start

  • limit: integer - maximum number of account entries to return

Returns

result: object - account details object with the following fields:

  • addressMap: map of strings to strings - map of address hashes and account addresses

  • nextKey: string - hash of the next address if any addresses remain in the state, otherwise zero

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_accountRange","params":["12345", 0, "0", 5],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_accountRange","params":["12345", 0, "0", 5],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "addressMap": {
      "0x005e5...86960": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "0x021fe...6ffe3": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "0x028e6...ab776": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "0x02cb5...bc4d8": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "0x03089...23fd5": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
    },
    "nextKey": "0x04242954a5cb9748d3f66bcd4583fd3830287aa585bebd9dd06fa6625976be49"
  }
}

debug_batchSendRawTransaction

Sends a list of signed transactions. This is used to quickly load a network with a lot of transactions. This does the same thing as calling eth_sendRawTransaction multiple times.

Parameters

data: string - signed transaction data array

Returns

result: array of objects - object returned for each transaction, with the following fields:

  • index: string - index of the transaction in the request parameters array

  • success: boolean - indicates whether or not the transaction has been added to the transaction pool

  • errorMessage: string - (optional) error message

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_batchSendRawTransaction","params":["0xf868808203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57872386f26fc10000801ba0ac74ecfa0e9b85785f042c143ead4780931234cc9a032fce99fab1f45e0d90faa02fd17e8eb433d4ca47727653232045d4f81322619c0852d3fe8ddcfcedb66a43","0x416","0xf868018203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57872386f26fc10000801ca0b24ea1bee8fe36984c36acbf80979a4509f23fc17141851e08d505c0df158aa0a00472a05903d4cd7a811bd4d5c59cc105d93f5943f3393f253e92e65fc36e7ce0","0xf868808203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef5787470de4df820000801ca0f7936b4de04792e3c65095cfbfd1399d231368f5f05f877588c0c8509f6c98c9a01834004dead527c8da1396eede42e1c60e41f38a77c2fd13a6e495479c729b99"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_batchSendRawTransaction","params":["0xf868808203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57872386f26fc10000801ba0ac74ecfa0e9b85785f042c143ead4780931234cc9a032fce99fab1f45e0d90faa02fd17e8eb433d4ca47727653232045d4f81322619c0852d3fe8ddcfcedb66a43","0x416","0xf868018203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57872386f26fc10000801ca0b24ea1bee8fe36984c36acbf80979a4509f23fc17141851e08d505c0df158aa0a00472a05903d4cd7a811bd4d5c59cc105d93f5943f3393f253e92e65fc36e7ce0","0xf868808203e882520894627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef5787470de4df820000801ca0f7936b4de04792e3c65095cfbfd1399d231368f5f05f877588c0c8509f6c98c9a01834004dead527c8da1396eede42e1c60e41f38a77c2fd13a6e495479c729b99"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": [
    {
      "index": 0,
      "success": true
    },
    {
      "index": 1,
      "success": false,
      "errorMessage": "Invalid raw transaction hex"
    },
    {
      "index": 2,
      "success": true
    },
    {
      "index": 3,
      "success": false,
      "errorMessage": "TRANSACTION_REPLACEMENT_UNDERPRICED"
    }
  ]
}

debug_getBadBlocks

Returns a list of invalid blocks. This is used to detect and analyze consensus flaws.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of objects - list of block objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_getBadBlocks","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_getBadBlocks","params":[],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": [
    {
      "block": {
        "number": "0xd",
        "hash": "0x85c2edc1ca74b4863cab46ff6ed4df514a698aa7c29a9bce58742a33af07d7e6",
        "mixHash": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "parentHash": "0x544a2f7a4c8defc0d8da44aa0c0db7c36b56db2605c01ed266e919e936579d31",
        "nonce": "0x0000000000000000",
        "sha3Uncles": "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
        "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "transactionsRoot": "0x02c387e001cbe2a8296bfa2e18afbc3480d0e49588b05556148b0bf7c17dec41",
        "stateRoot": "0x861ab7e868e3c23f84b7c4ed86b52a6a4f063633bc45ef29212c33459df84ea5",
        "receiptsRoot": "0xccd2d33763dc0ac3fe02d4ecbbcd7d2bdc6f57db635ba31007184679303721d7",
        "miner": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "difficulty": "0x1",
        "totalDifficulty": "0x1",
        "extraData": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000008c6a091f07e4ba3930f2f5fabbfc5b1c70986319096760ba200a6abc0d30e33c2d501702d1b58d7f75807bdbf981044557628611319121170b96466ec06bb3fd01",
        "size": "0x3a0",
        "gasLimit": "0xffffffffffff",
        "gasUsed": "0x1a488",
        "timestamp": "0x5f5b6824",
        "uncles": [],
        "transactions": [
          {
            "blockHash": "0x85c2edc1ca74b4863cab46ff6ed4df514a698aa7c29a9bce58742a33af07d7e6",
            "blockNumber": "0xd",
            "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
            "gas": "0x1a49e",
            "gasPrice": "0x3e8",
            "hash": "0xdd8cf045113754c306ba9ac8ac8786235e33bc5c087678084ef260a2a583f127",
            "input": "0x608060405234801561001057600080fd5b5060c78061001f6000396000f3fe6080604052348015600f57600080fd5b506004361060325760003560e01c80636057361d146037578063b05784b8146062575b600080fd5b606060048036036020811015604b57600080fd5b8101908080359060200190929190505050607e565b005b60686088565b6040518082815260200191505060405180910390f35b8060008190555050565b6000805490509056fea26469706673582212208dea039245bf78c381278382d7056eef5083f7d243d8958817ef447e0a403bd064736f6c63430006060033",
            "nonce": "0x0",
            "to": null,
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "value": "0x0",
            "v": "0xf9d",
            "r": "0xa7a15050302ca4b7d3842d35cdd3cbf25b2c48c0c37f96d78beb6a6a6bc4f1c7",
            "s": "0x130d29294b2b6a2b7e89f501eb27772f7abf37bfa28a1ce300daade975589fca"
          }
        ]
      },
      "hash": "0x85c2edc1ca74b4863cab46ff6ed4df514a698aa7c29a9bce58742a33af07d7e6",
      "rlp": "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"
    },
    {
      "block": {
        "number": "0x8",
        "hash": "0x601a3ae9b6eceb2476d249e1cffe058ba3ff2c9c1b28b1ec7a0259fdd1d90121",
        "mixHash": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "parentHash": "0x98ae440cd7b904d842daa6c263608969a3c8ce6a9acd6bd1f99b394f5f28a207",
        "nonce": "0x0000000000000000",
        "sha3Uncles": "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
        "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "transactionsRoot": "0x8ee998cc699a1f9310a1079458780b3ebee8756f96a0905f5224b89d0eb17486",
        "stateRoot": "0x140a9783291704223eb759e3a0db5471a520d349fc17ac2f77ff8582472e3bac",
        "receiptsRoot": "0x2b5c77f6e7764d2468178fab7253346b9b8bb6a34b63946f6bdc2f5ad398bfc3",
        "miner": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "difficulty": "0x2",
        "totalDifficulty": "0x2",
        "extraData": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000004d04551bdd9ae08af1fd661e49d4ab662c98c532c7ec0e4656a27e4de7d330af578ab1e4f5e49e085ff1d78673c7388ed9ccf017fbe89e53066bfa4018142c0701",
        "size": "0x3a0",
        "gasLimit": "0xffffffffffff",
        "gasUsed": "0x1a4c9",
        "timestamp": "0x5f5b6b80",
        "uncles": [],
        "transactions": [
          {
            "blockHash": "0x601a3ae9b6eceb2476d249e1cffe058ba3ff2c9c1b28b1ec7a0259fdd1d90121",
            "blockNumber": "0x8",
            "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
            "gas": "0x1a4c9",
            "gasPrice": "0x3e8",
            "hash": "0x675e336a4281b29c619dfd4ccfbd2f930f3728b20caf9e0067284aa3224e6758",
            "input": "0x608060405234801561001057600080fd5b5060c78061001f6000396000f3fe6080604052348015600f57600080fd5b506004361060325760003560e01c80636057361d146037578063b05784b8146062575b600080fd5b606060048036036020811015604b57600080fd5b8101908080359060200190929190505050607e565b005b60686088565b6040518082815260200191505060405180910390f35b8060008190555050565b6000805490509056fea26469706673582212208dea039245bf78c381278382d7056eef5083f7d243d8958817ef447e0a403bd064736f6c63430006060033",
            "nonce": "0x0",
            "to": null,
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "value": "0x0",
            "v": "0xf9d",
            "r": "0x2e30624c0305e64812e1d9e325ba6e50410314634b008edcb50f45be71fa0d4",
            "s": "0x50e205faed23c219ba15610de2451d458cbd4221207b2168344cfc972a7973c0"
          }
        ]
      },
      "hash": "0x601a3ae9b6eceb2476d249e1cffe058ba3ff2c9c1b28b1ec7a0259fdd1d90121",
      "rlp": "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"
    }
  ]
}

debug_standardTraceBlockToFile

Generates files containing the block trace. A separate file is generated for each transaction in the block.

You can also specify a trace file for a specific transaction in a block.

Use debug_standardTraceBadBlockToFile to view the trace for an invalid block.

Parameters

blockHash: string - block hash

txHash: string - (optional) transaction hash; if omitted, a trace file is generated for each transaction in the block.

disableMemory: boolean - (optional) specifies whether to capture EVM memory during the trace; defaults to true

Returns

result: string - location of the generated trace files

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_standardTraceBlockToFile","params":["0x2dc0b6c43144e314a86777b4bd4f987c0790a6a0b21560671d221ed81a23f2dc", {
"txHash": "0x4ff04c4aec9517721179c8dd435f47fbbfc2ed26cd4926845ab687420d5580a6", "disableMemory": false}], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_standardTraceBlockToFile","params":["0x2dc0b6c43144e314a86777b4bd4f987c0790a6a0b21560671d221ed81a23f2dc", {
"txHash": "0x4ff04c4aec9517721179c8dd435f47fbbfc2ed26cd4926845ab687420d5580a6", "disableMemory": false}], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
   "result": [
     "/Users/me/mynode/goerli/data/traces/block_0x2dc0b6c4-4-0x4ff04c4a-1612820117332"
   ]
}

debug_standardTraceBadBlockToFile

Generates files containing the block trace of invalid blocks. A separate file is generated for each transaction in the block.

Use debug_standardTraceBlockToFile to view the trace for a valid block.

Parameters

blockHash: string - block hash

Returns

result: string - location of the generated trace files

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_standardTraceBadBlockToFile","params":["0x53741e9e94791466d117c5f9e41a2ed1de3f73d39920c621dfc2f294e7779baa"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_standardTraceBadBlockToFile","params":["0x53741e9e94791466d117c5f9e41a2ed1de3f73d39920c621dfc2f294e7779baa"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
   "result": [
     "/Users/me/mynode/goerli/data/traces/block_0x53741e9e-0-0x407ec43d-1600951088172"
   ]
}

debug_storageRangeAt

Remix uses debug_storageRangeAt to implement debugging. Use the Debugger tab in Remix instead of calling debug_storageRangeAt directly.

Returns the contract storage for the specified range.

Parameters

  • blockHash: string - block hash

  • txIndex: number - transaction index from which to start

  • address: string - contract address

  • startKey: string - start key

  • limit: number - number of storage entries to return

Returns

result: object - range object.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_storageRangeAt","params":["0x2b76b3a2fc44c0e21ea183d06c846353279a7acf12abcc6fb9d5e8fb14ae2f8c",0,"0x0e0d2c8f7794e82164f11798276a188147fbd415","0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",1], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_storageRangeAt","params":["0x2b76b3a2fc44c0e21ea183d06c846353279a7acf12abcc6fb9d5e8fb14ae2f8c",0,"0x0e0d2c8f7794e82164f11798276a188147fbd415","0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",1], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "storage": {
            "0x290decd9548b62a8d60345a988386fc84ba6bc95484008f6362f93160ef3e563": {
                "key": null,
                "value": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
            }
        },
        "nextKey": "0xb10e2d527612073b26eecdfd717e6a320cf44b4afac2b0732d9fcbe2b7fa0cf6"
    }
}

debug_metrics

Returns metrics providing information on the internal operation of Besu.

The available metrics might change over time. The JVM metrics might vary based on the JVM implementation used.

The metric types are:

  • Timer

  • Counter

  • Gauge

Parameters

None

Returns

result: object - metrics object

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_metrics","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_metrics","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "jvm": {
            "memory_bytes_init": {
                "heap": 268435456,
                "nonheap": 2555904
            },
            "threads_current": 41,
            "memory_bytes_used": {
                "heap": 696923976,
                "nonheap": 63633456
            },
            "memory_pool_bytes_used": {
                "PS Eden Space": 669119360,
                "Code Cache": 19689024,
                "Compressed Class Space": 4871144,
                "PS Survivor Space": 2716320,
                "PS Old Gen": 25088296,
                "Metaspace": 39073288
            },
            ...
        },
        "process": {
            "open_fds": 546,
            "cpu_seconds_total": 67.148992,
            "start_time_seconds": 1543897699.589,
            "max_fds": 10240
        },
        "rpc": {
            "request_time": {
                "debug_metrics": {
                    "bucket": {
                        "+Inf": 2,
                        "0.01": 1,
                        "0.075": 2,
                        "0.75": 2,
                        "0.005": 1,
                        "0.025": 2,
                        "0.1": 2,
                        "1.0": 2,
                        "0.05": 2,
                        "10.0": 2,
                        "0.25": 2,
                        "0.5": 2,
                        "5.0": 2,
                        "2.5": 2,
                        "7.5": 2
                    },
                    "count": 2,
                    "sum": 0.015925392
                }
            }
        },
        "blockchain": {
            "difficulty_total": 3533501,
            "announcedBlock_ingest": {
                "bucket": {
                    "+Inf": 0,
                    "0.01": 0,
                    "0.075": 0,
                    "0.75": 0,
                    "0.005": 0,
                    "0.025": 0,
                    "0.1": 0,
                    "1.0": 0,
                    "0.05": 0,
                    "10.0": 0,
                    "0.25": 0,
                    "0.5": 0,
                    "5.0": 0,
                    "2.5": 0,
                    "7.5": 0
                },
                "count": 0,
                "sum": 0
            },
            "height": 1908793
        },
        "peers": {
            "disconnected_total": {
                "remote": {
                    "SUBPROTOCOL_TRIGGERED": 5
                },
                "local": {
                    "TCP_SUBSYSTEM_ERROR": 1,
                    "SUBPROTOCOL_TRIGGERED": 2,
                    "USELESS_PEER": 3
                }
            },
            "peer_count_current": 2,
            "connected_total": 10
        }
    }
}

debug_traceTransaction

Remix uses debug_traceTransaction to implement debugging. Use the Debugger tab in Remix instead of calling debug_traceTransaction directly.

Reruns the transaction with the same state as when the transaction executed.

Parameters

  • transactionHash: string - transaction hash

  • options: object - request options object with the following fields (all optional and default to false):

    • disableStorage: boolean - true disables storage capture.

    • disableMemory: boolean - true disables memory capture.

    • disableStack : boolean - true disables stack capture.

Returns

result: object - trace object

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceTransaction","params":["0x2cc6c94c21685b7e0f8ddabf277a5ccf98db157c62619cde8baea696a74ed18e",{"disableStorage":true}],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceTransaction","params":["0x2cc6c94c21685b7e0f8ddabf277a5ccf98db157c62619cde8baea696a74ed18e",{"disableStorage":true}],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : {
    "gas" : 21000,
    "failed" : false,
    "returnValue" : "",
    "structLogs" : [ {
      "pc" : 0,
      "op" : "STOP",
      "gas" : 0,
      "gasCost" : 0,
      "depth" : 1,
      "stack" : [ ],
      "memory" : [ ],
      "storage" : null
    } ]
  }
}

debug_traceBlock

Returns full trace of all invoked opcodes of all transactions included in the block.

Parameters

  • block: string - RLP of the block

  • options: object - request options object with the following fields (all optional and default to false):

    • disableStorage: boolean - true disables storage capture.

    • disableMemory: boolean - true disables memory capture.

    • disableStack : boolean - true disables stack capture.

Returns

result: object - trace object

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlock","params":["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"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlock","params":["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"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : {
    "gas" : 21000,
    "failed" : false,
    "returnValue" : "",
    "structLogs" : [ {
      "pc" : 0,
      "op" : "STOP",
      "gas" : 0,
      "gasCost" : 0,
      "depth" : 1,
      "stack" : [ ],
      "memory" : [ ],
      "storage" : null
    } ]
  }
}

debug_traceBlockByHash

Returns full trace of all invoked opcodes of all transactions included in the block.

Parameters

  • blockHash: string - block hash

  • options: object - request options object with the following fields (all optional and default to false):

    • disableStorage: boolean - true disables storage capture.

    • disableMemory: boolean - true disables memory capture.

    • disableStack : boolean - true disables stack capture.

Returns

result: array of objects - list of trace objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlockByHash","params":["0xaceb3b2c9b25b0589230873921eb894b28722011b8df63977145517d754875a5"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlockByHash","params":["0xaceb3b2c9b25b0589230873921eb894b28722011b8df63977145517d754875a5"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "gas": 21000,
            "failed": false,
            "returnValue": "",
            "structLogs": [
                {
                    "pc": 0,
                    "op": "STOP",
                    "gas": 0,
                    "gasCost": 0,
                    "depth": 1,
                    "stack": [],
                    "memory": [],
                    "storage": {},
                    "reason": null
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

debug_traceBlockByNumber

Returns full trace of all invoked opcodes of all transactions included in the block.

Parameters

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

  • options: object - request options object with the following fields (all optional and default to false):

    • disableStorage: boolean - true disables storage capture.

    • disableMemory: boolean - true disables memory capture.

    • disableStack : boolean - true disables stack capture.

Returns

result: array of objects - list of trace objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlockByNumber","params":["0x7224",{"disableStorage":true}], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"debug_traceBlockByNumber","params":["0x7224",{"disableStorage":true}], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "gas": 21000,
            "failed": false,
            "returnValue": "",
            "structLogs": [
                {
                    "pc": 0,
                    "op": "STOP",
                    "gas": 0,
                    "gasCost": 0,
                    "depth": 1,
                    "stack": [],
                    "memory": [],
                    "storage": null,
                    "reason": null
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

EEA methods

The EEA API methods provide functionality for private transactions and privacy groups.

Note

The EEA API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the EEA API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

eea_sendRawTransaction

Distributes the private transaction, generates the privacy marker transaction and submits it to the transaction pool, and returns the transaction hash of the privacy marker transaction.

The signed transaction passed as an input parameter includes the privateFrom, privateFor or privacyGroupId, and restriction fields.

The gas and gasPrice are used by the privacy marker transaction not the private transaction itself.

To avoid exposing your private key, create signed transactions offline and send the signed transaction data using eea_sendRawTransaction.

Important

For production systems requiring private transactions, use a network with a consensus mechanism supporting transaction finality to make sure the private state does not become inconsistent with the chain. For example, IBFT 2.0 provides the required finality.

Using private transactions with pruning or fast sync is not supported.

Besu does not implement eea_sendTransaction.

EthSigner provides transaction signing and implements eea_sendTransaction.

Parameters

transaction: string - signed RLP-encoded private transaction

Returns

result: string - 32-byte transaction hash of the Privacy Marker Transaction

Tip

If creating a contract, use priv_getTransactionReceipt to retrieve the contract address after the transaction is finalized.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eea_sendRawTransaction","params": ["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eea_sendRawTransaction","params": ["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"], "id":1}
{
  "id":1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": "0xe670ec64341771606e55d6b4ca35a1a6b75ee3d5145a99d05921026d1527331"
}

ETH methods

The ETH API methods allow you to interact with the blockchain.

Note

Methods with an equivalent GraphQL query include a GraphQL request and result in the method example. The parameter and result descriptions apply to the JSON-RPC requests. The GraphQL specification is defined in the schema.

eth_accounts

Returns a list of account addresses a client owns.

Note

This method returns an empty object because Besu doesn’t support key management inside the client.

To provide access to your key store and and then sign transactions, use EthSigner with Besu.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of strings - list of 20-byte account addresses owned by the client

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_accounts","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_accounts","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : [ ]
}

eth_blockNumber

Returns the index corresponding to the block number of the current chain head.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - hexadecimal integer representing the index corresponding to the block number of the current chain head

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_blockNumber","params":[],"id":51}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_blockNumber","params":[],"id":51}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 51,
  "result" : "0x2377"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block{number}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block {
    number
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "number" : 16221
    }
  }
}

eth_call

Invokes a contract function locally and does not change the state of the blockchain.

You can interact with contracts using eth_sendRawTransaction or eth_call.

If revert reason is enabled with --revert-reason-enabled, the eth_call error response includes the revert reason.

Parameters

call: object - transaction call object

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Note

By default, eth_call does not fail if the sender account has an insufficient balance. This is done by setting the balance of the account to a large amount of ether. To enforce balance rules, set the strict parameter in the transaction call object to true.

Returns

result: string - return value of the executed contract

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_call","params":[{"to":"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13","value":"0x1"}, "latest"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_call","params":[{"to":"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13","value":"0x1"}, "latest"],"id":53}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 53,
    "result": "0x"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block {number call (data : {from : \"0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b\", to: \"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13\", data :\"0x12a7b914\"}){data status}}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block {
    number
    call(data: {from: "0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b", to: "0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13", data: "0x12a7b914"}) {
      data
      status
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "number" : 17449,
      "call" : {
        "data" : "0x",
        "status" : 1
      }
    }
  }
}

eth_chainId

Returns the chain ID.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - chain ID in hexadecimal

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_chainId","params":[],"id":51}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_chainId","params":[],"id":51}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 51,
  "result" : "0x7e2"
}

eth_coinbase

Returns the client coinbase address. The coinbase address is the account to pay mining rewards to.

To set a coinbase address, start Besu with the --miner-coinbase option set to a valid Ethereum account address. You can get the Ethereum account address from a client such as MetaMask or Etherscan. For example:

Example

besu --miner-coinbase="0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73" --rpc-http-enabled

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - coinbase address

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_coinbase","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_coinbase","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73"
}

eth_estimateGas

Returns an estimate of the gas required for a transaction to complete. The estimation process does not use gas and the transaction is not added to the blockchain. The resulting estimate can be greater than the amount of gas the transaction ends up using, for reasons including EVM mechanics and node performance.

The eth_estimateGas call does not send a transaction. You must call eth_sendRawTransaction to execute the transaction.

If revert reason is enabled with --revert-reason-enabled, the eth_estimateGas error response includes the revert reason.

Parameters

For eth_estimateGas, all fields are optional because setting a gas limit is irrelevant to the estimation process (unlike transactions, in which gas limits apply).

call: object - transaction call object

Returns

result: string - amount of gas used

Example of cost estimate of a value transaction

The following example returns an estimate of 21000 wei (0x5208) for the transaction.

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_estimateGas","params":[{"from":"0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73","to":"0x44Aa93095D6749A706051658B970b941c72c1D53","value":"0x1"}],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_estimateGas","params":[{"from":"0xFE3B557E8Fb62b89F4916B721be55cEb828dBd73","to":"0x44Aa93095D6749A706051658B970b941c72c1D53","value":"0x1"}],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x5208"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block{estimateGas (data: {from :\"0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f\", to :\"0x8888f1f195afa192cfee860698584c030f4c9db1\"})}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block {
    estimateGas(data: {from: "0x6295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f", to: "0x8888f1f195afa192cfee860698584c030f4c9db1"})
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "estimateGas" : 21000
    }
  }
}

Example of cost estimate of deploying a simple storage smart contract

The following example request estimates the cost of deploying a simple storage smart contract to the network. The data field contains the hash of the compiled contract you want to deploy. (You can get the compiled contract hash from your IDE, for example, Remix > Compile tab > details > WEB3DEPLOY.) The result is 113355 wei.

 curl -X POST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8545 \
    -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
    -d '{
      "jsonrpc": "2.0",
      "method": "eth_estimateGas",
      "params": [{
        "from": "0x8bad598904ec5d93d07e204a366d084a80c7694e",
        "data": "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"
      }],
      "id": 1
    }'
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x1bacb"
}

eth_gasPrice

Returns a percentile gas unit price for the most recent blocks, in Wei. By default, the last 100 blocks are examined and the 50th percentile gas unit price (that is, the median value) is returned.

If there are no blocks, the value for --min-gas-price is returned. The value returned is restricted to values between --min-gas-price and --api-gas-price-max. By default, 1000 Wei and 500GWei.

Use the --api-gas-price-blocks, --api-gas-price-percentile , and --api-gas-price-max command line options to configure the eth_gasPrice default values.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - percentile gas unit price for the most recent blocks, in Wei, as a hexadecimal value

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_gasPrice","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_gasPrice","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x3e8"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{gasPrice}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  gasPrice
}
{
  "data" : {
    "gasPrice" : "0x3e8"
  }
}

eth_getBalance

Returns the account balance of the specified address.

Parameters

  • address: string - 20-byte account address from which to retrieve the balance

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: string - current balance, in Wei, as a hexadecimal value

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBalance","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "latest"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBalance","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "latest"],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x1cfe56f3795885980000"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{ account ( address: \"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73\") { balance } }"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  account(address: "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73") {
    balance
  }
}
{
  "data": {
    "account": {
      "balance": "0x1ce96a1ffe7620d00000"
    }
  }
}

eth_getBlockByHash

Returns information about the block matching the specified block hash.

Parameters

  • hash: string - 32-byte hash of a block

  • verbose: boolean - if true, returns the full transaction objects; if false, returns the transaction hashes

Returns

result: object - block object, or null when there is no block

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockByHash","params":["0xd5f1812548be429cbdc6376b29611fc49e06f1359758c4ceaaa3b393e2239f9c", false],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockByHash","params":["0xd5f1812548be429cbdc6376b29611fc49e06f1359758c4ceaaa3b393e2239f9c", false],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : {
    "number" : "0x68b3",
    "hash" : "0xd5f1812548be429cbdc6376b29611fc49e06f1359758c4ceaaa3b393e2239f9c",
    "mixHash" : "0x24900fb3da77674a861c428429dce0762707ecb6052325bbd9b3c64e74b5af9d",
    "parentHash" : "0x1f68ac259155e2f38211ddad0f0a15394d55417b185a93923e2abe71bb7a4d6d",
    "nonce" : "0x378da40ff335b070",
    "sha3Uncles" : "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
    "logsBloom" : "0x00000000000000100000004080000000000500000000000000020000100000000800001000000004000001000000000000000800040010000020100000000400000010000000000000000040000000000000040000000000000000000000000000000400002400000000000000000000000000000004000004000000000000840000000800000080010004000000001000000800000000000000000000000000000000000800000000000040000000020000000000000000000800000400000000000000000000000600000400000000002000000000000000000000004000000000000000100000000000000000000000000000000000040000900010000000",
    "transactionsRoot" : "0x4d0c8e91e16bdff538c03211c5c73632ed054d00a7e210c0eb25146c20048126",
    "stateRoot" : "0x91309efa7e42c1f137f31fe9edbe88ae087e6620d0d59031324da3e2f4f93233",
    "receiptsRoot" : "0x68461ab700003503a305083630a8fb8d14927238f0bc8b6b3d246c0c64f21f4a",
    "miner" : "0xb42b6c4a95406c78ff892d270ad20b22642e102d",
    "difficulty" : "0x66e619a",
    "totalDifficulty" : "0x1e875d746ae",
    "extraData" : "0xd583010502846765746885676f312e37856c696e7578",
    "size" : "0x334",
    "gasLimit" : "0x47e7c4",
    "gasUsed" : "0x37993",
    "timestamp" : "0x5835c54d",
    "uncles" : [ ],
    "transactions" : [ "0xa0807e117a8dd124ab949f460f08c36c72b710188f01609595223b325e58e0fc", "0xeae6d797af50cb62a596ec3939114d63967c374fa57de9bc0f4e2b576ed6639d" ]
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block (hash : \"0xb0efed1fc9326fee967cb2d845d4ebe57c5350a0670c8e86f8052dea6f219f92\") {number transactions{hash} timestamp difficulty totalDifficulty gasUsed gasLimit hash nonce ommerCount logsBloom mixHash ommerHash extraData stateRoot receiptsRoot transactionCount transactionsRoot}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(hash: "0xb0efed1fc9326fee967cb2d845d4ebe57c5350a0670c8e86f8052dea6f219f92") {
    number
    transactions {
      hash
    }
    timestamp
    difficulty
    totalDifficulty
    gasUsed
    gasLimit
    hash
    nonce
    ommerCount
    logsBloom
    mixHash
    ommerHash
    extraData
    stateRoot
    receiptsRoot
    transactionCount
    transactionsRoot
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "number" : 17607,
      "transactions" : [ ],
      "timestamp" : "0x5cdbdfb5",
      "difficulty" : "0x1",
      "totalDifficulty" : "0x44c8",
      "gasUsed" : 0,
      "gasLimit" : 4700000,
      "hash" : "0xb0efed1fc9326fee967cb2d845d4ebe57c5350a0670c8e86f8052dea6f219f92",
      "nonce" : "0x0000000000000000",
      "ommerCount" : 0,
      "logsBloom" : "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "mixHash" : "0x63746963616c2062797a616e74696e65206661756c7420746f6c6572616e6365",
      "ommerHash" : "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
      "extraData" : "0xf882a00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000d5949811ebc35d7b06b3fa8dc5809a1f9c52751e1deb808400000000f843b841fae6d25da0b91e3e88669d0a765c98479d86d53e9ea1f3fb6b36d7ff22fa622a3da0c49c20e5562c774e90acae8ad487936f6b6019cd8a782db684693cba1e9800",
      "stateRoot" : "0xa7086c266aed46cd3bc45579178f8acb36d9d147de575a3ecbf8c7e6f1c737fc",
      "receiptsRoot" : "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421",
      "transactionCount" : 0,
      "transactionsRoot" : "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421"
    }
  }
}

eth_getBlockByNumber

Returns information about the block matching the specified block number.

Parameters

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

  • verbose: boolean - if true, returns the full transaction objects; if false, returns only the hashes of the transactions.

Returns

result: object - block object, or null when there is no block.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockByNumber","params":["0x68B3", true],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockByNumber","params":["0x68B3", true],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : {
    "number" : "0x68b3",
    "hash" : "0xd5f1812548be429cbdc6376b29611fc49e06f1359758c4ceaaa3b393e2239f9c",
    "mixHash" : "0x24900fb3da77674a861c428429dce0762707ecb6052325bbd9b3c64e74b5af9d",
    "parentHash" : "0x1f68ac259155e2f38211ddad0f0a15394d55417b185a93923e2abe71bb7a4d6d",
    "nonce" : "0x378da40ff335b070",
    "sha3Uncles" : "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
    "logsBloom" : "0x00000000000000100000004080000000000500000000000000020000100000000800001000000004000001000000000000000800040010000020100000000400000010000000000000000040000000000000040000000000000000000000000000000400002400000000000000000000000000000004000004000000000000840000000800000080010004000000001000000800000000000000000000000000000000000800000000000040000000020000000000000000000800000400000000000000000000000600000400000000002000000000000000000000004000000000000000100000000000000000000000000000000000040000900010000000",
    "transactionsRoot" : "0x4d0c8e91e16bdff538c03211c5c73632ed054d00a7e210c0eb25146c20048126",
    "stateRoot" : "0x91309efa7e42c1f137f31fe9edbe88ae087e6620d0d59031324da3e2f4f93233",
    "receiptsRoot" : "0x68461ab700003503a305083630a8fb8d14927238f0bc8b6b3d246c0c64f21f4a",
    "miner" : "0xb42b6c4a95406c78ff892d270ad20b22642e102d",
    "difficulty" : "0x66e619a",
    "totalDifficulty" : "0x1e875d746ae",
    "extraData" : "0xd583010502846765746885676f312e37856c696e7578",
    "size" : "0x334",
    "gasLimit" : "0x47e7c4",
    "gasUsed" : "0x37993",
    "timestamp" : "0x5835c54d",
    "uncles" : [ ],
    "transactions" : [ ]
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block (number : 100) {transactions{hash} timestamp difficulty totalDifficulty gasUsed gasLimit hash nonce ommerCount logsBloom mixHash ommerHash extraData stateRoot receiptsRoot transactionCount transactionsRoot ommers{hash} ommerAt(index : 1){hash} miner{address} account(address: \"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73\"){balance} parent{hash} }}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(number: 100) {
    transactions {
      hash
    }
    timestamp
    difficulty
    totalDifficulty
    gasUsed
    gasLimit
    hash
    nonce
    ommerCount
    logsBloom
    mixHash
    ommerHash
    extraData
    stateRoot
    receiptsRoot
    transactionCount
    transactionsRoot
    ommers {
      hash
    }
    ommerAt(index: 1) {
      hash
    }
    miner {
      address
    }
    account(address: "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73") {
      balance
    }
    parent {
      hash
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "transactions" : [ ],
      "timestamp" : "0x5cd10933",
      "difficulty" : "0x1",
      "totalDifficulty" : "0x65",
      "gasUsed" : 0,
      "gasLimit" : 4700000,
      "hash" : "0x63b3ea2bc37fec8f82680eb823652da6af8acebb4f6c4d0ff659c55be473c8b0",
      "nonce" : "0x0000000000000000",
      "ommerCount" : 0,
      "logsBloom" : "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "mixHash" : "0x63746963616c2062797a616e74696e65206661756c7420746f6c6572616e6365",
      "ommerHash" : "0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
      "extraData" : "0xf882a00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000d5949811ebc35d7b06b3fa8dc5809a1f9c52751e1deb808400000000f843b8414d877d8d0ced37ea138fab55a978f3740367a24a31731322ecdc3368f11e0d4966c9ce17ae59a76fb94eb436e8a386868f6bd6b0a5678e58daf49f5dd940558b00",
      "stateRoot" : "0xd650578a04b39f50cc979155f4510ec28c2c0a7c1e5fdbf84609bc7b1c430f48",
      "receiptsRoot" : "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421",
      "transactionCount" : 0,
      "transactionsRoot" : "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421",
      "ommers" : [ ],
      "ommerAt" : null,
      "miner" : {
        "address" : "0x9811ebc35d7b06b3fa8dc5809a1f9c52751e1deb"
      },
      "account" : {
        "balance" : "0xad0f47f269cbf31ac"
      },
      "parent" : {
        "hash" : "0x7bca25e1fa5e395fd6029eb496a70b6b5495843976bf9e49b993c723ded29d9e"
      }
    }
  }
}

eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash

Returns the number of transactions in the block matching the specified block hash.

Parameters

hash: string - 32-byte block hash

Returns

result: number - integer representing the number of transactions in the specified block, or null if no matching block hash is found

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash","params":["0xb903239f8543d04b5dc1ba6579132b143087c68db1b2168786408fcbce568238"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash","params":["0xb903239f8543d04b5dc1ba6579132b143087c68db1b2168786408fcbce568238"],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : null
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(hash:\"0xe455c14f757b0b9b67774baad1be1c180a4c1657df52259dbb685bf375408097\"){transactionCount}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(hash: "0xe455c14f757b0b9b67774baad1be1c180a4c1657df52259dbb685bf375408097") {
    transactionCount
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "transactionCount" : 1
    }
  }
}

eth_getBlockTransactionCountByNumber

Returns the number of transactions in a block matching the specified block number.

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of transactions in the specified block, or null if no matching block number is found

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockTransactionCountByNumber","params":["0xe8"],"id":51}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getBlockTransactionCountByNumber","params":["0xe8"],"id":51}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 51,
  "result" : "0x8"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(number:232){transactionCount}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(number: 232) {
    transactionCount
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "transactionCount" : 1
    }
  }
}

eth_getCode

Returns the code of the smart contract at the specified address. Besu stores compiled smart contract code as a hexadecimal value.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte contract address

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: data - code stored at the specified address

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getCode","params":["0xa50a51c09a5c451c52bb714527e1974b686d8e77", "latest"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getCode","params":["0xa50a51c09a5c451c52bb714527e1974b686d8e77", "latest"],"id":53}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 53,
    "result": "0x60806040526004361060485763ffffffff7c01000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000350416633fa4f2458114604d57806355241077146071575b600080fd5b348015605857600080fd5b50605f6088565b60408051918252519081900360200190f35b348015607c57600080fd5b506086600435608e565b005b60005481565b60008190556040805182815290517f199cd93e851e4c78c437891155e2112093f8f15394aa89dab09e38d6ca0727879181900360200190a1505600a165627a7a723058209d8929142720a69bde2ab3bfa2da6217674b984899b62753979743c0470a2ea70029"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{account(address: \"0xa50a51c09a5c451c52bb714527e1974b686d8e77\"){ code }}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  account(address: "0xa50a51c09a5c451c52bb714527e1974b686d8e77") {
    code
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "account" : {
      "code" : "0x60806040526004361060485763ffffffff7c01000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000350416633fa4f2458114604d57806355241077146071575b600080fd5b348015605857600080fd5b50605f6088565b60408051918252519081900360200190f35b348015607c57600080fd5b506086600435608e565b005b60005481565b60008190556040805182815290517f199cd93e851e4c78c437891155e2112093f8f15394aa89dab09e38d6ca0727879181900360200190a1505600a165627a7a723058209d8929142720a69bde2ab3bfa2da6217674b984899b62753979743c0470a2ea70029"
    }
  }
}

eth_getFilterChanges

Polls the specified filter and returns an array of changes that have occurred since the last poll.

Parameters

filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: array of strings or objects - if nothing changed since the last poll, an empty list; otherwise:

  • For filters created with eth_newBlockFilter, returns block hashes.

  • For filters created with eth_newPendingTransactionFilter, returns transaction hashes.

  • For filters created with eth_newFilter, returns log objects.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getFilterChanges","params":["0xf8bf5598d9e04fbe84523d42640b9b0e"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getFilterChanges","params":["0xf8bf5598d9e04fbe84523d42640b9b0e"],"id":1}
Example result from a filter created with `eth_newBlockFilter`:
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "0xda2bfe44bf85394f0d6aa702b5af89ae50ae22c0928c18b8903d9269abe17e0b",
        "0x88cd3a37306db1306f01f7a0e5b25a9df52719ad2f87b0f88ee0e6753ed4a812",
        "0x4d4c731fe129ff32b425e6060d433d3fde278b565bbd1fd624d5a804a34f8786"
    ]
}

Example result from a filter created with `eth_newPendingTransactionFilter`:
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "0x1e977049b6db09362da09491bee3949d9362080ce3f4fc19721196d508580d46",
        "0xa3abc4b9a4e497fd58dc59cdff52e9bb5609136bcd499e760798aa92802769be"
    ]
}

Example result from a filter created with `eth_newFilter`:

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x233",
            "blockHash": "0xfc139f5e2edee9e9c888d8df9a2d2226133a9bd87c88ccbd9c930d3d4c9f9ef5",
            "transactionHash": "0x66e7a140c8fa27fe98fde923defea7562c3ca2d6bb89798aabec65782c08f63d",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x42699a7612a82f1d9c36148af9c77354759b210b",
            "data": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000004",
            "topics": [
                "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3"
            ]
        },
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x238",
            "blockHash": "0x98b0ec0f9fea0018a644959accbe69cd046a8582e89402e1ab0ada91cad644ed",
            "transactionHash": "0xdb17aa1c2ce609132f599155d384c0bc5334c988a6c368056d7e167e23eee058",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x42699a7612a82f1d9c36148af9c77354759b210b",
            "data": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000007",
            "topics": [
                "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

eth_getFilterLogs

Returns an array of logs for the specified filter.

Leave the --auto-log-bloom-caching-enabled command line option at the default value of true to improve log retrieval performance.

Note

eth_getFilterLogs is only used for filters created with eth_newFilter. To specify a filter object and get logs without creating a filter, use eth_getLogs .

Parameters

filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: array of objects - list of log objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getFilterLogs","params":["0x5ace5de3985749b6a1b2b0d3f3e1fb69"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getFilterLogs","params":["0x5ace5de3985749b6a1b2b0d3f3e1fb69"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : [ {
    "logIndex" : "0x0",
    "removed" : false,
    "blockNumber" : "0xb3",
    "blockHash" : "0xe7cd776bfee2fad031d9cc1c463ef947654a031750b56fed3d5732bee9c61998",
    "transactionHash" : "0xff36c03c0fba8ac4204e4b975a6632c862a3f08aa01b004f570cc59679ed4689",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x0",
    "address" : "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8",
    "data" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003",
    "topics" : [ "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3" ]
  }, {
    "logIndex" : "0x0",
    "removed" : false,
    "blockNumber" : "0xb6",
    "blockHash" : "0x3f4cf35e7ed2667b0ef458cf9e0acd00269a4bc394bb78ee07733d7d7dc87afc",
    "transactionHash" : "0x117a31d0dbcd3e2b9180c40aca476586a648bc400aa2f6039afdd0feab474399",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x0",
    "address" : "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8",
    "data" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000005",
    "topics" : [ "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3" ]
  } ]
}

eth_getLogs

Returns an array of logs matching a specified filter object.

Leave the --auto-log-bloom-caching-enabled command line option at the default value of true to improve log retrieval performance.

Attention

Using eth_getLogs to get the logs from a large range of blocks, especially an entire chain from its genesis block, can cause Besu to hang and never return a response. We recommend splitting one large query into multiple ones for better performance.

Parameters

filterOptions: object - filter options object

Returns

result: array of objects - list of log objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getLogs","params":[{"fromBlock":"earliest", "toBlock":"latest", "address": "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8", "topics":[]}], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getLogs","params":[{"fromBlock":"earliest", "toBlock":"latest", "address": "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8", "topics":[]}], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : [ {
    "logIndex" : "0x0",
    "removed" : false,
    "blockNumber" : "0xb3",
    "blockHash" : "0xe7cd776bfee2fad031d9cc1c463ef947654a031750b56fed3d5732bee9c61998",
    "transactionHash" : "0xff36c03c0fba8ac4204e4b975a6632c862a3f08aa01b004f570cc59679ed4689",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x0",
    "address" : "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8",
    "data" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003",
    "topics" : [ "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3" ]
  }, {
    "logIndex" : "0x0",
    "removed" : false,
    "blockNumber" : "0xb6",
    "blockHash" : "0x3f4cf35e7ed2667b0ef458cf9e0acd00269a4bc394bb78ee07733d7d7dc87afc",
    "transactionHash" : "0x117a31d0dbcd3e2b9180c40aca476586a648bc400aa2f6039afdd0feab474399",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x0",
    "address" : "0x2e1f232a9439c3d459fceca0beef13acc8259dd8",
    "data" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000005",
    "topics" : [ "0x04474795f5b996ff80cb47c148d4c5ccdbe09ef27551820caa9c2f8ed149cce3" ]
  } ]
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{logs(filter:{fromBlock: 1486000, toBlock: 1486010, addresses: [\"0x7ef66b77759e12caf3ddb3e4aff524e577c59d8d\"], topics: [[\"0x8a22ee899102a366ac8ad0495127319cb1ff2403cfae855f83a89cda1266674d\"]]}) {index topics data account{address} transaction{hash} }}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  logs(filter: {fromBlock: 1486000, toBlock: 1486010, addresses: ["0x7ef66b77759e12caf3ddb3e4aff524e577c59d8d"], topics: [["0x8a22ee899102a366ac8ad0495127319cb1ff2403cfae855f83a89cda1266674d"]]}) {
    index
    topics
    data
    account {
      address
    }
    transaction {
      hash
    }
  }
}
{
  "data": {
    "logs": [
      {
        "index": 0,
        "topics": [
          "0x8a22ee899102a366ac8ad0495127319cb1ff2403cfae855f83a89cda1266674d",
          "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000004",
          "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000508918"
        ],
        "data": "0xa5a04999ec29a8bd19ce32b859280ef9dbb464d846be06f64a1b1012ec08ab03",
        "account": {
          "address": "0x7ef66b77759e12caf3ddb3e4aff524e577c59d8d"
        },
        "transaction": {
          "hash": "0x36a2186344c6a32760e7700fdf3685936220876c51ff39d071eb48c17f7e802f"
        }
      },
      {
        "index": 0,
        "topics": [
          "0x8a22ee899102a366ac8ad0495127319cb1ff2403cfae855f83a89cda1266674d",
          "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000003",
          "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000648c72"
        ],
        "data": "0x0ee96b660ad82c8010c90760a03edfbb40b4af5e3634a8c214e4ac7fa1f61492",
        "account": {
          "address": "0x7ef66b77759e12caf3ddb3e4aff524e577c59d8d"
        },
        "transaction": {
          "hash": "0x9e2cc9e84a9e78839d6f4b591dfd98cc7a454a8ee3cd6ccd0a18e662e22d3818"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

eth_getMinerDataByBlockHash

Returns miner data for the specified block.

Parameters

hash: string - 32-byte block hash

Returns

result: object - miner data object

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getMinerDataByBlockHash","params": ["0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getMinerDataByBlockHash","params": ["0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7"],"id": 1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "netBlockReward": "0x47c6f3739f3da800",
    "staticBlockReward": "0x4563918244f40000",
    "transactionFee": "0x38456548220800",
    "uncleInclusionReward": "0x22b1c8c1227a000",
    "uncleRewards": [
      {
        "hash": "0x2422d43b4f72e19faf4368949a804494f67559405046b39c6d45b1bd53044974",
        "coinbase": "0x0c062b329265c965deef1eede55183b3acb8f611"
      }
     ],
     "coinbase": "0xb42b6c4a95406c78ff892d270ad20b22642e102d",
     "extraData": "0xd583010502846765746885676f312e37856c696e7578",
     "difficulty": "0x7348c20",
     "totalDifficulty": "0xa57bcfdd96"
  }
}

eth_getMinerDataByBlockNumber

Returns miner data for the specified block.

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: object - miner data object

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getMinerDataByBlockNumber","params": ["0x7689D2"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getMinerDataByBlockNumber","params": ["0x7689D2"],"id": 1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "netBlockReward": "0x47c6f3739f3da800",
    "staticBlockReward": "0x4563918244f40000",
    "transactionFee": "0x38456548220800",
    "uncleInclusionReward": "0x22b1c8c1227a000",
    "uncleRewards": [
      {
        "hash": "0x2422d43b4f72e19faf4368949a804494f67559405046b39c6d45b1bd53044974",
        "coinbase": "0x0c062b329265c965deef1eede55183b3acb8f611"
      }
     ],
     "coinbase": "0xb42b6c4a95406c78ff892d270ad20b22642e102d",
     "extraData": "0xd583010502846765746885676f312e37856c696e7578",
     "difficulty": "0x7348c20",
     "totalDifficulty": "0xa57bcfdd96"
  }
}

eth_getProof

Returns the account and storage values of the specified account, including the Merkle proof.

The API allows IoT devices or mobile apps which are unable to run light clients to verify responses from untrusted sources, by using a trusted block hash.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte address of the account or contract

keys: array of strings - list of 32-byte storage keys to generate proofs for

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: object - account details object with the following fields:

  • balance: string - account balance

  • codeHash: string - 32-byte hash of the account code

  • nonce: string - number of transactions sent from the account

  • storageHash: string - 32-byte SHA3 of the storageRoot

  • accountProof: array of strings - list of RLP-encoded Merkle tree nodes, starting with the stateRoot

  • storageProof: array of objects - list of storage entry objects with the following fields:

    • key: string - storage key

    • value: string - storage value

    • proof: array of strings - list of RLP-encoded Merkle tree nodes, starting with the storageHash

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getProof","params": [
"0a8156e7ee392d885d10eaa86afd0e323afdcd95", ["0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000347"], "latest"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getProof","params": [
"0a8156e7ee392d885d10eaa86afd0e323afdcd95", ["0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000347"], "latest"],"id": 1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": {
    "accountProof": [
      "0xf90211a0...608d898380",
      "0xf90211a0...ec33f19580",
      "0xf901d1a0...9e55584480",
      "0xf8718080...18e5777142"
    ],
    "address": "0x0a8156e7ee392d885d10eaa86afd0e323afdcd95",
    "balance": "0x0",
    "codeHash": "0x2b6975dcaf69f9bb9a3b30bb6a37b305ce440250bf0dd2f23338cb18e5777142",
    "nonce": "0x5f",
    "storageHash": "0x917688de43091589aa58c1dfd315105bc9de4478b9ba7471616a4d8a43d46203",
    "storageProof": [
      {
        "key": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000347",
        "value": "0x0",
        "proof": [
          "0xf90211a0...5176779280",
          "0xf901f1a0...c208d86580",
          "0xf8d180a0...1ce6808080"
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}

eth_getStorageAt

Returns the value of a storage position at a specified address.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte storage address

index: string - integer index of the storage position

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result : string - value at the specified storage position

Example

Calculating the correct position depends on the storage you want to retrieve.

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getStorageAt","params": ["0x‭3B3F3E‬","0x0","latest"],"id": 53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "eth_getStorageAt","params": ["0x‭3B3F3E‬","0x0","latest"],"id": 53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{account(address: \"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73\") {storage(slot: \"0x04\")}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  account(address: "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73") {
    storage(slot: "0x04")
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "account" : {
      "storage" : "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
    }
  }
}

eth_getTransactionByBlockHashAndIndex

Returns transaction information for the specified block hash and transaction index position.

Parameters

block: string - 32-byte hash of a block

index: string - integer representing the transaction index position

Returns

result: object - transaction object, or null when there is no transaction

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByBlockHashAndIndex","params":["0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7", "0x2"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByBlockHashAndIndex","params":["0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7", "0x2"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : {
    "blockHash" : "0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7",
    "blockNumber" : "0x1442e",
    "chainId": 2018,
    "from" : "0x70c9217d814985faef62b124420f8dfbddd96433",
    "gas" : "0x3d090",
    "gasPrice" : "0x57148a6be",
    "hash" : "0xfc766a71c406950d4a4955a340a092626c35083c64c7be907060368a5e6811d6",
    "input" : "0x51a34eb8000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000029b9e659e41b780000",
    "nonce" : "0x2cb2",
    "publicKey": "0x3a514176466fa815ed481ffad09110a2d344f6c9b78c1d14afc351c3a51be33d8072e77939dc03ba44790779b7a1025baf3003f6732430e20cd9b76d953391b3",
    "raw": "0xf86401018304cb2f946295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f0a8412a7b9141ba0ed2e0f715eccaab4362c19c1cf35ad8031ab1cabe71ada3fe8b269fe9d726712a06691074f289f826d23c92808ae363959eb958fb7a91fc721875ece4958114c65",
    "to" : "0xcfdc98ec7f01dab1b67b36373524ce0208dc3953",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x2",
    "value" : "0x0",
    "v" : "0x2a",
    "r" : "0xa2d2b1021e1428740a7c67af3c05fe3160481889b25b921108ac0ac2c3d5d40a",
    "s" : "0x63186d2aaefe188748bfb4b46fb9493cbc2b53cf36169e8501a5bc0ed941b484"
  }
 }
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{ block(hash: \"0x9270651f9c6fa36232c379d0ecf69b519383aa275815a65f1e03114346668f69\") { transactionAt(index: 0) {block{hash}  hash } } }"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(hash: "0x9270651f9c6fa36232c379d0ecf69b519383aa275815a65f1e03114346668f69") {
    transactionAt(index: 0) {
      block {
        hash
      }
      hash
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "transactionAt" : {
        "block" : {
          "hash" : "0x9270651f9c6fa36232c379d0ecf69b519383aa275815a65f1e03114346668f69"
        },
        "hash" : "0x5f5366af89e8777d5ae62a1af94a0876bdccbc22417bed0aff361eefa3e37f86"
      }
    }
  }
}

eth_getTransactionByBlockNumberAndIndex

Returns transaction information for the specified block number and transaction index position.

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

index: string - transaction index position

Returns

result: object - transaction object, or null when there is no transaction

Example

This request returns the third transaction in the 82990 block on the Ropsten testnet. You can also view this block and transaction on Etherscan.

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByBlockNumberAndIndex","params":["82990", "0x2"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByBlockNumberAndIndex","params":["82990", "0x2"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : {
    "blockHash" : "0xbf137c3a7a1ebdfac21252765e5d7f40d115c2757e4a4abee929be88c624fdb7",
    "blockNumber" : "0x1442e",
    "chainId": 2018,
    "from" : "0x70c9217d814985faef62b124420f8dfbddd96433",
    "gas" : "0x3d090",
    "gasPrice" : "0x57148a6be",
    "hash" : "0xfc766a71c406950d4a4955a340a092626c35083c64c7be907060368a5e6811d6",
    "input" : "0x51a34eb8000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000029b9e659e41b780000",
    "nonce" : "0x2cb2",
    "publicKey": "0x3a514176466fa815ed481ffad09110a2d344f6c9b78c1d14afc351c3a51be33d8072e77939dc03ba44790779b7a1025baf3003f6732430e20cd9b76d953391b3",
    "raw": "0xf86401018304cb2f946295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f0a8412a7b9141ba0ed2e0f715eccaab4362c19c1cf35ad8031ab1cabe71ada3fe8b269fe9d726712a06691074f289f826d23c92808ae363959eb958fb7a91fc721875ece4958114c65",
    "to" : "0xcfdc98ec7f01dab1b67b36373524ce0208dc3953",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x2",
    "value" : "0x0",
    "v" : "0x2a",
    "r" : "0xa2d2b1021e1428740a7c67af3c05fe3160481889b25b921108ac0ac2c3d5d40a",
    "s" : "0x63186d2aaefe188748bfb4b46fb9493cbc2b53cf36169e8501a5bc0ed941b484"
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{block(number:20303) {transactionAt(index: 0) {block{hash} hash}}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(number: 20303) {
    transactionAt(index: 0) {
      block {
        hash
      }
      hash
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "transactionAt" : {
      "block" : {
        "hash" : "0x9270651f9c6fa36232c379d0ecf69b519383aa275815a65f1e03114346668f69"
      },
      "hash" : "0x5f5366af89e8777d5ae62a1af94a0876bdccbc22417bed0aff361eefa3e37f86"
      }
    }
  }
}

eth_getTransactionByHash

Returns transaction information for the specified transaction hash.

Parameters

transaction: string - 32-byte transaction hash

Returns

result: object - transaction object, or null when there is no transaction

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByHash","params":["0xa52be92809541220ee0aaaede6047d9a6c5d0cd96a517c854d944ee70a0ebb44"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionByHash","params":["0xa52be92809541220ee0aaaede6047d9a6c5d0cd96a517c854d944ee70a0ebb44"],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : {
    "blockHash" : "0x510efccf44a192e6e34bcb439a1947e24b86244280762cbb006858c237093fda",
    "blockNumber" : "0x422",
    "chainId": 2018,
    "from" : "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
    "gas" : "0x5208",
    "gasPrice" : "0x3b9aca00",
    "hash" : "0xa52be92809541220ee0aaaede6047d9a6c5d0cd96a517c854d944ee70a0ebb44",
    "input" : "0x",
    "nonce" : "0x1",
    "publicKey": "0x3a514176466fa815ed481ffad09110a2d344f6c9b78c1d14afc351c3a51be33d8072e77939dc03ba44790779b7a1025baf3003f6732430e20cd9b76d953391b3",
    "raw": "0xf8641d018304cb2f946295ee1b4f6dd65047762f924ecd367c17eabf8f0a84e8beef5b1ca011232cac2f935ab8dd5d5972438fde90e05d0dd620860b42886e7d54dc5c4a0ca03dd467b5faa6e5a0f3c22a5396fefa5b03f07d8114d8434e0e1493736aad8d0e",
    "to" : "0x627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57",
    "transactionIndex" : "0x0",
    "value" : "0x4e1003b28d9280000",
    "v" : "0xfe7",
    "r" : "0x84caf09aefbd5e539295acc67217563438a4efb224879b6855f56857fa2037d3",
    "s" : "0x5e863be3829812c81439f0ae9d8ecb832b531d651fb234c848d1bf45e62be8b9"
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{transaction(hash : \"0x03d80b9ca0a71435399a268609d6d7896f7155d2147cc22b780672bcb59b170d\") { block{hash} gas gasPrice hash nonce value from {address} to {address} status}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  transaction(hash: "0x03d80b9ca0a71435399a268609d6d7896f7155d2147cc22b780672bcb59b170d") {
    block {
      hash
    }
    gas
    gasPrice
    hash
    nonce
    value
    from {
      address
    }
    to {
      address
    }
    status
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "transaction" : {
      "block" : {
        "hash" : "0xb1ef35744bade6980c3a933024b2557a8c724a19e5fdd2116bac712aa5e57198"
      },
      "gas" : 21000,
      "gasPrice" : "0x2540be400",
      "hash" : "0x03d80b9ca0a71435399a268609d6d7896f7155d2147cc22b780672bcb59b170d",
      "nonce" : 6,
      "value" : "0x8ac7230489e80000",
      "from" : {
        "address" : "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73"
      },
      "to" : {
        "address" : "0x9d8f8572f345e1ae53db1dfa4a7fce49b467bd7f"
      },
      "status" : 1
    }
  }
}

eth_getTransactionCount

Returns the number of transactions sent from a specified address. Use the pending tag to get the next account nonce not used by any pending transactions.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte account address

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of transactions sent from the specified address

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionCount","params":["0xc94770007dda54cF92009BFF0dE90c06F603a09f","latest"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionCount","params":["0xc94770007dda54cF92009BFF0dE90c06F603a09f","latest"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : "0x1"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{ account (address:\"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73\"){transactionCount}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  account(address: "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73") {
    transactionCount
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "account" : {
      "transactionCount" : 5
    }
  }
}

eth_getTransactionReceipt

Returns the receipt of a transaction by transaction hash. Receipts for pending transactions are not available.

If you enabled revert reason, the receipt includes available revert reasons in the response.

Parameters

transaction: string - 32-byte hash of a transaction

Returns

result: object - transaction receipt object, or null when there is no receipt

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionReceipt","params":["0x504ce587a65bdbdb6414a0c6c16d86a04dd79bfcc4f2950eec9634b30ce5370f"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getTransactionReceipt","params":["0x504ce587a65bdbdb6414a0c6c16d86a04dd79bfcc4f2950eec9634b30ce5370f"],"id":53}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "blockHash": "0xe7212a92cfb9b06addc80dec2a0dfae9ea94fd344efeb157c41e12994fcad60a",
        "blockNumber": "0x50",
        "contractAddress": null,
        "cumulativeGasUsed": "0x5208",
        "from": "0x627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57",
        "gasUsed": "0x5208",
        "logs": [],
        "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "status": "0x1",
        "to": "0xf17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732",
        "transactionHash": "0xc00e97af59c6f88de163306935f7682af1a34c67245e414537d02e422815efc3",
        "transactionIndex": "0x0"
    }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{"query": "{transaction(hash: \"0x5f5366af89e8777d5ae62a1af94a0876bdccbc22417bed0aff361eefa3e37f86\") {block{hash logsBloom} hash createdContract{address} cumulativeGasUsed gas gasUsed logs{topics} from{address} to{address} index}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  transaction(hash: "0x5f5366af89e8777d5ae62a1af94a0876bdccbc22417bed0aff361eefa3e37f86") {
    block {
      hash
      logsBloom
    }
    hash
    createdContract {
      address
    }
    cumulativeGasUsed
    gas
    gasUsed
    logs {
      topics
    }
    from {
      address
    }
    to {
      address
    }
    index
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "transaction" : {
      "block" : {
        "hash" : "0x9270651f9c6fa36232c379d0ecf69b519383aa275815a65f1e03114346668f69",
        "logsBloom" : "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
      },
      "hash" : "0x5f5366af89e8777d5ae62a1af94a0876bdccbc22417bed0aff361eefa3e37f86",
      "createdContract" : null,
      "cumulativeGasUsed" : 21000,
      "gas" : 21000,
      "gasUsed" : 21000,
      "logs" : [ ],
      "from" : {
        "address" : "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73"
      },
      "to" : {
        "address" : "0x9d8f8572f345e1ae53db1dfa4a7fce49b467bd7f"
      },
      "index" : 0
    }
  }
}

eth_getUncleByBlockHashAndIndex

Returns uncle specified by block hash and index.

Parameters

block: string - 32-byte block hash

uncleIndex: string - index of the uncle

Returns

result: object - block object

Note

Uncles do not contain individual transactions.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleByBlockHashAndIndex","params":["0xc48fb64230a82f65a08e7280bd8745e7fea87bc7c206309dee32209fe9a985f7", "0x0"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleByBlockHashAndIndex","params":["0xc48fb64230a82f65a08e7280bd8745e7fea87bc7c206309dee32209fe9a985f7", "0x0"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc":"2.0",
  "id":1,
  "result":{
    "difficulty":"0x76b123df93230",
    "extraData":"0x50505945206e616e6f706f6f6c2e6f7267",
    "gasLimit":"0x7a121d",
    "gasUsed":"0x7a0175",
    "hash":"0xc20189c0b1a4a23116ab3b177e929137f6e826f17fc4c2e880e7258c620e9817",
    "logsBloom":"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",
    "miner":"0x52bc44d5378309ee2abf1539bf71de1b7d7be3b5",
    "mixHash":"0xf557cc827e058862aa3ea1bd6088fb8766f70c0eac4117c56cf85b7911f82a14",
    "nonce":"0xd320b48904347cdd",
    "number":"0x768964",
    "parentHash":"0x98d752708b3677df8f439c4529f999b94663d5494dbfc08909656db3c90f6255",
    "receiptsRoot":"0x0f838f0ceb73368e7fc8d713a7761e5be31e3b4beafe1a6875a7f275f82da45b",
    "sha3Uncles":"0x1dcc4de8dec75d7aab85b567b6ccd41ad312451b948a7413f0a142fd40d49347",
    "size":"0x21a",
    "stateRoot":"0xa0c7d4fca79810c89c517eff8dadb9c6d6f4bcc27c2edfb301301e1cf7dec642",
    "timestamp":"0x5cdcbba6",
    "totalDifficulty":"0x229ad33cabd4c40d23d",
    "transactionsRoot":"0x866e38e91d01ef0387b8e07ccf35cd910224271ccf2b7477b8c8439e8b70f365",
    "uncles":[]
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(hash:\"0xc48fb64230a82f65a08e7280bd8745e7fea87bc7c206309dee32209fe9a985f7\"){ ommerAt(index: 0) {difficulty extraData gasLimit gasUsed hash logsBloom mixHash nonce number receiptsRoot stateRoot timestamp totalDifficulty transactionsRoot}}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(hash: "0xc48fb64230a82f65a08e7280bd8745e7fea87bc7c206309dee32209fe9a985f7") {
    ommerAt(index: 0) {
      difficulty
      extraData
      gasLimit
      gasUsed
      hash
      logsBloom
      mixHash
      nonce
      number
      receiptsRoot
      stateRoot
      timestamp
      totalDifficulty
      transactionsRoot
    }
  }
}
{
  "data": {
    "block": {
      "difficulty": "0x1",
      "extraData": "0xf882a00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000d5949811ebc35d7b06b3fa8dc5809a1f9c52751e1deb808400000000f843b8418e98ef756acdae1e510b1df4b507b7af04eb3802db7fa0f3e73e7d0721b3645e76f4eb3d0dbf0de75620c4405bd5a663247cdd9616482c883053856d857f884a01",
      "gasLimit": 4700000,
      "gasUsed": 0,
      "hash": "0x0efe67972b982eb6be5df84e5238eb07475f86afa8a7de708f6a13ac0ff60d6c",
      "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
      "mixHash": "0x63746963616c2062797a616e74696e65206661756c7420746f6c6572616e6365",
      "nonce": "0x0000000000000000",
      "number": 200,
      "receiptsRoot": "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421",
      "stateRoot": "0xd650578a04b39f50cc979155f4510ec28c2c0a7c1e5fdbf84609bc7b1c430f48",
      "timestamp": "0x5cd109fb",
      "totalDifficulty": "0xc9",
      "transactionsRoot": "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421"
    }
  }
}

eth_getUncleByBlockNumberAndIndex

Returns uncle specified by block number and index.

Parameters

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

  • uncleIndex: string - index of the uncle

Returns

result: object - block object

Note

Uncles do not contain individual transactions.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleByBlockNumberAndIndex","params":["0x7689D2", "0x0"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleByBlockNumberAndIndex","params":["0x7689D2", "0x0"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc":"2.0",
  "id":1,
  "result":{
    "difficulty":"0x77daec467bf93",
    "extraData":"0x50505945206e616e6f706f6f6c2e6f7267",
    "gasLimit":"0x7a121d",
    "gasUsed":"0x7a0f7b",
    "hash":"0x42d83ae9c0743f4b1f9c61ff7ea8b164c1bab3627decd49233760680be006ecf",
    "logsBloom":"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",
    "miner":"0x52bc44d5378309ee2abf1539bf71de1b7d7be3b5",
    "mixHash":"0xf977fcdb52868be410b75ef2becc35cc312f13ab0a6ce400ecd9d445f66fa3f2",
    "nonce":"0x628b28403bf1e3d3",
    "number":"0x7689d0",
    "parentHash":"0xb32cfdfbf4adb05d30f02fcc6fe039cc6666402142954051c1a1cb9cc91aa11e",
    "receiptsRoot":"0x9c7c8361d1a24ea2841432234c81974a9920d3eba2b2b1c496b5f925a95cb4ac",
    "sha3Uncles":"0x7d972aa1b182b7e93f1db043f03fbdbfac6874fe7e67e162141bcc0aefa6336b",
    "size":"0x21a",
    "stateRoot":"0x74e97b77813146344d75acb5a52a006cc6dfaca678a10fb8a484a8443e919272",
    "timestamp":"0x5cdcc0a7",
    "totalDifficulty":"0x229b0583b4bd2698ca0",
    "transactionsRoot":"0x1d21626afddf05e5866de66ca3fcd98f1caf5357eba0cc6ec675606e116a891b",
    "uncles":[]
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(number:2587){ ommerAt(index: 0) {difficulty extraData gasLimit gasUsed hash logsBloom mixHash nonce number receiptsRoot stateRoot timestamp totalDifficulty transactionsRoot}}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(number: 2587) {
    ommerAt(index: 0) {
      difficulty
      extraData
      gasLimit
      gasUsed
      hash
      logsBloom
      mixHash
      nonce
      number
      receiptsRoot
      stateRoot
      timestamp
      totalDifficulty
      transactionsRoot
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "ommerAt" : null
    }
  }
}

eth_getUncleCountByBlockHash

Returns the number of uncles in a block from a block matching the given block hash.

Parameters

block: string - 32-byte block hash

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of uncles in the specified block

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleCountByBlockHash","params":["0xb903239f8543d04b5dc1ba6579132b143087c68db1b2168786408fcbce568238"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleCountByBlockHash","params":["0xb903239f8543d04b5dc1ba6579132b143087c68db1b2168786408fcbce568238"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : 0x0
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(hash:\"0x65c08d792e4192b9ece6b6f2390da7da464208b22d88490be8add9373917b426\"){ommerCount}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(hash: "0x65c08d792e4192b9ece6b6f2390da7da464208b22d88490be8add9373917b426") {
    ommerCount
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "ommerCount" : 2
    }
  }
}

eth_getUncleCountByBlockNumber

Returns the number of uncles in a block matching the specified block number.

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of uncles in the specified block

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleCountByBlockNumber","params":["0xe8"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getUncleCountByBlockNumber","params":["0xe8"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : "0x1"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block(number:\"0x59fd\"){ommerCount}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block(number: "0x59fd") {
    ommerCount
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "ommerCount" : 0
    }
  }
}

eth_getWork

Returns the hash of the current block, the seed hash, and the required target boundary condition.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of strings - array with the following items:

  • header: string - 32-byte hash of the current block header (PoW-hash)

  • seed: string - 32-byte seed hash used for the DAG

  • target: string - 32-byte required target boundary condition: 2^256 / difficulty

  • blockNumber: string - hexadecimal integer representing the current block number

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getWork","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_getWork","params":[],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": [
    "0xce5e32ca59cb86799a1879e90150b2c3b882852173e59865e9e79abb67a9d636",
    "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "0x00a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3d70a3",
    "0x42"
  ]
}

eth_hashrate

Returns the number of hashes per second with which the node is mining.

When the stratum server is enabled, this method returns the cumulative hashrate of all sealers reporting their hashrate.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - number of hashes per second

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_hashrate","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_hashrate","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x12b"
}

eth_mining

Whether the client is actively mining new blocks. Besu pauses mining while the client synchronizes with the network regardless of command settings or methods called.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the client is actively mining new blocks

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_mining","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_mining","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : true
}

eth_newBlockFilter

Creates a filter to retrieve new block hashes. To poll for new blocks, use eth_getFilterChanges.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - filter ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newBlockFilter","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newBlockFilter","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x9d78b6780f844228b96ecc65a320a825"
}

eth_newFilter

Creates a log filter. To poll for logs associated with the created filter, use eth_getFilterChanges. To get all logs associated with the filter, use eth_getFilterLogs.

Parameters

filterOptions: object - filter options object

Note

fromBlock and toBlock in the filter options object default to latest.

Returns

result: string - filter ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newFilter","params":[{"fromBlock":"earliest", "toBlock":"latest", "topics":[]}],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newFilter","params":[{"fromBlock":"earliest", "toBlock":"latest", "topics":[]}],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x1ddf0c00989044e9b41cc0ae40272df3"
}

eth_newPendingTransactionFilter

Creates a filter to retrieve new pending transactions hashes. To poll for new pending transactions, use eth_getFilterChanges.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - filter ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newPendingTransactionFilter","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_newPendingTransactionFilter","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x443d6a77c4964707a8554c92f7e4debd"
}

eth_protocolVersion

Returns current Ethereum protocol version.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - Ethereum protocol version

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_protocolVersion","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_protocolVersion","params":[],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "0x3f"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{protocolVersion}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  protocolVersion
}
{
  "data" : {
    "protocolVersion" : 63
  }
}

eth_sendRawTransaction

Sends a signed transaction. A transaction can send ether, deploy a contract, or interact with a contract. Set the maximum transaction fee for transactions using the --rpc-tx-feecap CLI option.

You can interact with contracts using eth_sendRawTransaction or eth_call.

To avoid exposing your private key, create signed transactions offline and send the signed transaction data using eth_sendRawTransaction.

Important

Besu does not implement eth_sendTransaction.

EthSigner provides transaction signing and implements eth_sendTransaction.

Parameters

Note

Creating and Sending Transactions includes examples of creating signed transactions using the web3.js library.

Returns

result: string - 32-byte transaction hash

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_sendRawTransaction","params":["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_sendRawTransaction","params":["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"],"id":1}
{
  "id":1,
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "result": "0xe670ec64341771606e55d6b4ca35a1a6b75ee3d5145a99d05921026d1527331"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "mutation {sendRawTransaction(data: \"0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833\")}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
mutation {
  sendRawTransaction(data: "0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833")
}
{
  "data" : {
    "sendRawTransaction" : "0xe670ec64341771606e55d6b4ca35a1a6b75ee3d5145a99d05921026d1527331"
  }
}

eth_submitHashrate

Submits the mining hashrate. This is used by mining software such as Ethminer.

Parameters

  • hashrate: string - 32-byte hexadecimal string representation of the hashrate

  • id: string - 32-byte random hexadecimal ID identifying the client

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if submission is successful

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"eth_submitHashrate", "params":["0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000500000", "0x59daa26581d0acd1fce254fb7e85952f4c09d0915afd33d3886cd914bc7d283c"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"eth_submitHashrate", "params":["0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000500000", "0x59daa26581d0acd1fce254fb7e85952f4c09d0915afd33d3886cd914bc7d283c"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc":"2.0",
  "id":1,
  "result": true
}

eth_submitWork

Submits a proof of work (Ethash) solution. This is used by mining software such as Ethminer.

Parameters

  • nonce: string - retrieved 8-byte nonce

  • header: string - 32-byte hash of the block header (PoW-hash)

  • digest: string - 32-bytes mix digest

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the provided solution is valid

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"eth_submitWork", "params":["0x0000000000000001", "0x1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef", "0xD1GE5700000000000000000000000000D1GE5700000000000000000000000000"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"eth_submitWork", "params":["0x0000000000000001", "0x1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef1234567890abcdef", "0xD1GE5700000000000000000000000000D1GE5700000000000000000000000000"],"id":73}
{
  "id":1,
  "jsonrpc":"2.0",
  "result": true
}

eth_syncing

Returns an object with data about the synchronization status, or false if not synchronizing.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: object or boolean - synchronization status data object with the following fields, or false if not synchronizing:

  • startingBlock: string - index of the highest block on the blockchain when the network synchronization starts

  • currentBlock: string - index of the latest block (also known as the best block) for the current node (this is the same index that eth_blockNumber returns.)

  • highestBlock: string - index of the highest known block in the peer network (that is, the highest block so far discovered among peer nodes. This is the same value as currentBlock if the current node has no peers.)

  • pulledStates: string - if fast synchronizing, the number of state entries fetched so far, or null if this is not known or not relevant (if full synchronizing or fully synchronized, this field is not returned.)

  • knownStates: string - if fast synchronizing, the number of states the node knows of so far, or null if this is not known or not relevant (if full synchronizing or fully synchronized, this field is not returned.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_syncing","params":[],"id":51}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_syncing","params":[],"id":51}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 51,
  "result" : {
    "startingBlock" : "0x0",
    "currentBlock" : "0x1518",
    "highestBlock" : "0x9567a3",
    "pulledStates" : "0x203ca",
    "knownStates" : "0x200636"
  }
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{syncing{startingBlock currentBlock highestBlock pulledStates knownStates}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  syncing {
    startingBlock
    currentBlock
    highestBlock
    pulledStates
    knownStates
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "syncing" : {
      "startingBlock" : 0,
      "currentBlock" : 5400,
      "highestBlock" : 9791395,
      "pullStates" : 132042,
      "knownStates" : 2098742
    }
  }
}

eth_uninstallFilter

Uninstalls a filter with the specified ID. When a filter is no longer required, call this method.

Filters time out when not requested by eth_getFilterChanges or eth_getFilterLogs for 10 minutes.

Parameters

filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the filter is successfully uninstalled

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_uninstallFilter","params":["0x70355a0b574b437eaa19fe95adfedc0a"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"eth_uninstallFilter","params":["0x70355a0b574b437eaa19fe95adfedc0a"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : true
}

IBFT 2.0 methods

The IBFT API methods provide access to the IBFT 2.0 consensus engine.

Note

The IBFT API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the IBFT API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

ibft_discardValidatorVote

Discards a proposal to add or remove a validator with the specified address.

Parameters

address: string - 20-byte address of proposed validator

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the proposal is discarded

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_discardValidatorVote","params":["0xef1bfb6a12794615c9b0b5a21e6741f01e570185"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_discardValidatorVote","params":["0xef1bfb6a12794615c9b0b5a21e6741f01e570185"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : true
}

ibft_getPendingVotes

Returns votes cast in the current epoch.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: map of strings to booleans - map of account addresses to corresponding boolean values indicating the vote for each account; if true, the vote is to add a validator. If false, the proposal is to remove a validator.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getPendingVotes","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getPendingVotes","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "0xef1bfb6a12794615c9b0b5a21e6741f01e570185": true,
        "0x42d4287eac8078828cf5f3486cfe601a275a49a5": true
    }
}

ibft_getSignerMetrics

Provides the following validator metrics for the specified range:

  • Number of blocks from each validator

  • Block number of the last block proposed by each validator (if any proposed in the specified range)

  • All validators present in the last block of the range

Parameters

  • fromBlockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or the string tag earliest as described in Block Parameter

  • toBlockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest or pending, as described in Block Parameter

If you specify:

  • No parameters, the call provides metrics for the last 100 blocks, or all blocks if there are less than 100 blocks.

  • Only the first parameter, the call provides metrics for all blocks from the block specified to the latest block.

Returns

result: array of objects - list of validator objects

Note

The proposer of the genesis block has address 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getSignerMetrics","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getSignerMetrics","params":["1", "100"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "address": "0x7ffc57839b00206d1ad20c69a1981b489f772031",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x61"
        },
        {
            "address": "0x42eb768f2244c8811c63729a21a3569731535f06",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x63"
        },
        {
            "address": "0xb279182d99e65703f0076e4812653aab85fca0f0",
            "proposedBlockCount": "0x21",
            "lastProposedBlockNumber": "0x62"
        }
    ]
}

ibft_getValidatorsByBlockHash

Lists the validators defined in the specified block.

Parameters

block: string - 32-byte block hash

Returns

result: array of strings - list of validator addresses

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getValidatorsByBlockHash","params":["0xbae7d3feafd743343b9a4c578cab5e5d65eb735f6855fb845c00cab356331256"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getValidatorsByBlockHash","params":["0xbae7d3feafd743343b9a4c578cab5e5d65eb735f6855fb845c00cab356331256"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "0x42d4287eac8078828cf5f3486cfe601a275a49a5",
        "0xb1b2bc9582d2901afdc579f528a35ca41403fa85",
        "0xef1bfb6a12794615c9b0b5a21e6741f01e570185"
    ]
}

ibft_getValidatorsByBlockNumber

Lists the validators defined in the specified block.

Parameters

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: array of strings - list of validator addresses

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getValidatorsByBlockNumber","params":["latest"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_getValidatorsByBlockNumber","params":["latest"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "0x42d4287eac8078828cf5f3486cfe601a275a49a5",
        "0xb1b2bc9582d2901afdc579f528a35ca41403fa85",
        "0xef1bfb6a12794615c9b0b5a21e6741f01e570185"
    ]
}

ibft_proposeValidatorVote

Proposes to add or remove a validator with the specified address.

Parameters

  • address: string - account address

  • proposal: boolean - true to propose adding validator or false to propose removing validator

Returns

result: boolean - true

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_proposeValidatorVote","params":["42d4287eac8078828cf5f3486cfe601a275a49a5",true], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"ibft_proposeValidatorVote","params":["42d4287eac8078828cf5f3486cfe601a275a49a5",true], "id":1}
{
 "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
 "id" : 1,
 "result" : true
}

MINER methods

The MINER API methods allow you to control the node’s mining operation.

Note

The MINER API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the MINER API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

miner_changeTargetGasLimit

Updates the target gas limit set using the --target-gas-limit command line option.

Parameters

gasPrice: number - target gas price in Wei

Returns

result: string - Success or error

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_changeTargetGasLimit","params":[800000], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_changeTargetGasLimit","params":[800000], "id":1}
{
   "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
   "id" : 1,
   "result" : "Success"
}

miner_start

Starts the mining process. To start mining, you must first specify a miner coinbase using the --miner-coinbase command line option.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: boolean - true if mining starts, or if the node is already mining

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_start","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_start","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": true
}

miner_stop

Stops the mining process on the client.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: boolean - true if mining stops, or if the node is not mining

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_stop","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"miner_stop","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": true
}

NET methods

The NET API methods provide network-related information.

net_enode

Returns the enode URL.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - enode URL of the node

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_enode","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_enode","params":[],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : "enode://6a63160d0ccef5e4986d270937c6c8d60a9a4d3b25471cda960900d037c61988ea14da67f69dbfb3497c465d0de1f001bb95598f74b68a39a5156a608c42fa1b@127.0.0.1:30303"
}

net_listening

Whether the client is actively listening for network connections.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the client is actively listening for network connections

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_listening","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_listening","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : true
}

net_peerCount

Returns the number of peers currently connected to the client.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - number of connected peers in hexadecimal

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_peerCount","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_peerCount","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x5"
}

net_services

Returns enabled services (for example, jsonrpc) and the host and port for each service.

Note

The --nat-method setting affects the JSON-RPC and P2P host and port values, but not the metrics host and port values.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: object - enabled services

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_services","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_services","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "jsonrpc": {
            "host": "127.0.0.1",
            "port": "8545"
        },
        "p2p" : {
            "host" : "127.0.0.1",
            "port" : "30303"
        },
        "metrics" : {
            "host": "127.0.0.1",
            "port": "9545"
        }
    }
}

net_version

Returns the network ID.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - current network ID

Network ID Chain Network Description
1 ETH Mainnet Main Ethereum network
3 ETH Ropsten PoW test network
4 ETH Rinkeby PoA test network using Clique
5 ETH Goerli PoA test network using Clique
2018 ETH Dev PoW development network
1 ETC Classic Main Ethereum Classic network
7 ETC Mordor PoW test network
6 ETC Kotti PoA test network using Clique
212 ETC Astor PoW test network

Note

For almost all networks network ID and chain ID are the same.

The only networks in the table above with different network and chain IDs are Classic with a chain ID of 61 and Mordor with a chain ID of 63.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_version","params":[],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"net_version","params":[],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 51,
  "result" : "1"
}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "3"
}

PERM (Permissioning) methods

The PERM API methods provide permissioning functionality. Use these methods for local permissioning only.

Important

The PERM API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the PERM API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api CLI options.

perm_addAccountsToAllowlist

Adds accounts (participants) to the accounts permission list.

Parameters

addresses: array of strings - list of account addresses

Note

The parameters list contains a list which is why the account addresses are enclosed by double square brackets.

Returns

result: string - Success or error (errors include attempting to add accounts already on the allowlist and including invalid account addresses.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_addAccountsToAllowlist","params":[["0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462032", "0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462034"]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_addAccountsToAllowlist","params":[["0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462032", "0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462034"]], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "Success"
}

perm_addNodesToAllowlist

Adds nodes to the nodes allowlist.

Parameters

enodes: array of strings - list of enode URLs

Note

The parameters list contains a list which is why the enode URLs are enclosed by double square brackets.

Returns

result: string - Success or error; errors include attempting to add nodes already on the allowlist or including invalid enode URLs.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_addNodesToAllowlist","params":[["enode://7e4ef30e9ec683f26ad76ffca5b5148fa7a6575f4cfad4eb0f52f9c3d8335f4a9b6f9e66fcc73ef95ed7a2a52784d4f372e7750ac8ae0b544309a5b391a23dd7@127.0.0.1:30303","enode://2feb33b3c6c4a8f77d84a5ce44954e83e5f163e7a65f7f7a7fec499ceb0ddd76a46ef635408c513d64c076470eac86b7f2c8ae4fcd112cb28ce82c0d64ec2c94@127.0.0.1:30304"]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_addNodesToAllowlist","params":[["enode://7e4ef30e9ec683f26ad76ffca5b5148fa7a6575f4cfad4eb0f52f9c3d8335f4a9b6f9e66fcc73ef95ed7a2a52784d4f372e7750ac8ae0b544309a5b391a23dd7@127.0.0.1:30303","enode://2feb33b3c6c4a8f77d84a5ce44954e83e5f163e7a65f7f7a7fec499ceb0ddd76a46ef635408c513d64c076470eac86b7f2c8ae4fcd112cb28ce82c0d64ec2c94@127.0.0.1:30304"]], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "Success"
}

perm_getAccountsAllowlist

Lists accounts (participants) in the accounts permissions list.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of strings - list of accounts (participants) in the accounts allowlist

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_getAccountsAllowlist","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_getAccountsAllowlist","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000009",
        "0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462033"
    ]
}

perm_getNodesAllowlist

Lists nodes in the nodes allowlist.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of strings - enode URLs of nodes in the nodes allowlist

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_getNodesAllowlist","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_getNodesAllowlist","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        "enode://7b61d5ee4b44335873e6912cb5dd3e3877c860ba21417c9b9ef1f7e500a82213737d4b269046d0669fb2299a234ca03443f25fe5f706b693b3669e5c92478ade@127.0.0.1:30305",
        "enode://2feb33b3c6c4a8f77d84a5ce44954e83e5f163e7a65f7f7a7fec499ceb0ddd76a46ef635408c513d64c076470eac86b7f2c8ae4fcd112cb28ce82c0d64ec2c94@127.0.0.1:30304"
    ]
}

perm_reloadPermissionsFromFile

Reloads the accounts and nodes allowlists from the permissions configuration file.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - Success, or error if the permissions configuration file is not valid

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_reloadPermissionsFromFile","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_reloadPermissionsFromFile","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "Success"
}

perm_removeAccountsFromAllowlist

Removes accounts (participants) from the accounts permissions list.

Parameters

addresses: array of strings - list of account addresses

Note

The parameters list contains a list which is why the account addresses are enclosed by double square brackets.

Returns

result: string - Success or error (errors include attempting to remove accounts not on the allowlist and including invalid account addresses.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_removeAccountsFromAllowlist","params":[["0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462032", "0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462034"]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_removeAccountsFromAllowlist","params":[["0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462032", "0xb9b81ee349c3807e46bc71aa2632203c5b462034"]], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "Success"
}

perm_removeNodesFromAllowlist

Removes nodes from the nodes allowlist.

Parameters

enodes: array of strings - list of enode URLs

Note

The parameters list contains a list which is why the enode URLs are enclosed by double square brackets.

Returns

result: string - Success or error (errors include attempting to remove nodes not on the allowlist and including invalid enode URLs.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_removeNodesFromAllowlist","params":[["enode://7e4ef30e9ec683f26ad76ffca5b5148fa7a6575f4cfad4eb0f52f9c3d8335f4a9b6f9e66fcc73ef95ed7a2a52784d4f372e7750ac8ae0b544309a5b391a23dd7@127.0.0.1:30303","enode://2feb33b3c6c4a8f77d84a5ce44954e83e5f163e7a65f7f7a7fec499ceb0ddd76a46ef635408c513d64c076470eac86b7f2c8ae4fcd112cb28ce82c0d64ec2c94@127.0.0.1:30304"]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"perm_removeNodesFromAllowlist","params":[["enode://7e4ef30e9ec683f26ad76ffca5b5148fa7a6575f4cfad4eb0f52f9c3d8335f4a9b6f9e66fcc73ef95ed7a2a52784d4f372e7750ac8ae0b544309a5b391a23dd7@127.0.0.1:30303","enode://2feb33b3c6c4a8f77d84a5ce44954e83e5f163e7a65f7f7a7fec499ceb0ddd76a46ef635408c513d64c076470eac86b7f2c8ae4fcd112cb28ce82c0d64ec2c94@127.0.0.1:30304"]], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "Success"
}

PLUGINS methods

The PLUGINS API methods provide plugin-related functionality.

Note

The PLUGINS API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the PLUGINS API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

plugins_reloadPluginConfig

Reloads specified plugin configuration.

Parameters

plugin: string - plugin

Returns

result: string - Success

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"plugins_reloadPluginConfig","params":["tech.pegasys.plus.plugin.kafka.KafkaPlugin"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"plugins_reloadPluginConfig","params":["tech.pegasys.plus.plugin.kafka.KafkaPlugin"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "Success"
}

PRIV methods

The PRIV API methods provide functionality for private transactions and privacy groups.

Note

The PRIV API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the PRIV API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

priv_call

Invokes a private contract function locally and does not change the privacy group state.

For private contracts, priv_call is the same as eth_call for public contracts.

Parameters

Returns

result: data - return value of the executed contract

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_call","params":["tb8NVyQqZnHNegf/3mYsyB+HEud4SPWn90rz3GoskRw=", {"to":"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13","data": "0x3fa4f245"}, "latest"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_call","params":["tb8NVyQqZnHNegf/3mYsyB+HEud4SPWn90rz3GoskRw=", {"to":"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13","data": "0x3fa4f245"}, "latest"],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
}
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --data '{ "query": "{block {number call (data : {from : \"0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b\", to: \"0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13\", data :\"0x12a7b914\"}){data status}}}"}' http://localhost:8547/graphql
{
  block {
    number
    call(data: {from: "0xa94f5374fce5edbc8e2a8697c15331677e6ebf0b", to: "0x69498dd54bd25aa0c886cf1f8b8ae0856d55ff13", data: "0x12a7b914"}) {
      data
      status
    }
  }
}
{
  "data" : {
    "block" : {
      "number" : 17449,
      "call" : {
        "data" : "0x",
        "status" : 1
      }
    }
  }
}

priv_createPrivacyGroup

Creates a group of nodes, specified by their Orion public key.

Parameters

options: object - request options object with the following fields:

  • addresses: array of strings - list of nodes specified by Orion public keys

  • name: string - (optional) privacy group name

  • description: string - (optional) privacy group description

Returns

result: string - privacy group ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "priv_createPrivacyGroup", "params": [{"addresses":["sTZpbQhcOfd9ZaFDnC00e/N2Ofv9p4/ZTBbEeVtXJ3E=","quhb1pQPGN1w8ZSZSyiIfncEAlVY/M/rauSyQ5wVMRE="],"name":"Group A","description":"Description Group A"}],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method": "priv_createPrivacyGroup", "params": [{"addresses":["sTZpbQhcOfd9ZaFDnC00e/N2Ofv9p4/ZTBbEeVtXJ3E=","quhb1pQPGN1w8ZSZSyiIfncEAlVY/M/rauSyQ5wVMRE="],"name":"Group A","description":"Description Group A"}],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "ewuTVoc5nlvWMwTFdRRK/wvV0dcyQo/Pauvx5bNEbTk="
}

priv_debugGetStateRoot

Returns the state root of the specified privacy group at the specified block.

Parameters

  • privacyGroupId: string - 32-byte privacy Group ID

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: string - 32-byte state root

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_debugGetStateRoot","params":["xJdxvWOEmrs2MCkKWlgArTzWIXFfU/tmVxI3EKssVTk=","latest"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_debugGetStateRoot","params":["xJdxvWOEmrs2MCkKWlgArTzWIXFfU/tmVxI3EKssVTk=","latest"],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 1,
  "result" : "0x56e81f171bcc55a6ff8345e692c0f86e5b48e01b996cadc001622fb5e363b421"
}

priv_deletePrivacyGroup

Deletes the specified privacy group.

Parameters

privacyGroupId: string - privacy group ID

Returns

result: string - deleted privacy group ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_deletePrivacyGroup","params":["ewuTVoc5nlvWMwTFdRRK/wvV0dcyQo/Pauvx5bNEbTk="],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_deletePrivacyGroup","params":["ewuTVoc5nlvWMwTFdRRK/wvV0dcyQo/Pauvx5bNEbTk="],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 53,
  "result": "ewuTVoc5nlvWMwTFdRRK/wvV0dcyQo/Pauvx5bNEbTk="
}

priv_distributeRawTransaction

Distributes a signed, RLP encoded private transaction.

Tip

If you want to sign the Privacy Marker Transaction outside of Besu, use priv_distributeRawTransaction instead of eea_sendRawTransaction.

Parameters

transaction: string - signed RLP-encoded private transaction

Returns

result: string - 32-byte enclave key (the enclave key is a pointer to the private transaction in Orion.)

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_distributeRawTransaction","params": ["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_distributeRawTransaction","params": ["0xf869018203e882520894f17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732881bc16d674ec80000801ba02da1c48b670996dcb1f447ef9ef00b33033c48a4fe938f420bec3e56bfd24071a062e0aa78a81bf0290afbc3a9d8e9a068e6d74caa66c5e0fa8a46deaae96b0833"], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "0xfd0d90ab824574abc19c0776ca0210e764561d0ef6d621f2bbbea316eccfe56b"
}

priv_findPrivacyGroup

Returns a list of privacy groups containing only the listed members. For example, if the listed members are A and B, a privacy group containing A, B, and C is not returned.

Parameters

members: array of strings - members specified by Orion public keys

Returns

result: array of objects - privacy group objects containing only the specified members; privacy groups are EEA-compliant or Besu-extended with types:

  • LEGACY for EEA-compliant groups.

  • PANTHEON for Besu-extended groups.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_findPrivacyGroup","params": [["negmDcN2P4ODpqn/6WkJ02zT/0w0bjhGpkZ8UP6vARk=", "g59BmTeJIn7HIcnq8VQWgyh/pDbvbt2eyP0Ii60aDDw="]],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_findPrivacyGroup","params": [["negmDcN2P4ODpqn/6WkJ02zT/0w0bjhGpkZ8UP6vARk=", "g59BmTeJIn7HIcnq8VQWgyh/pDbvbt2eyP0Ii60aDDw="]],"id": 1}
{
 "jsonrpc": "2.0",
 "id": 1,
 "result": [
   {
     "privacyGroupId": "GpK3ErNO0xF27T0sevgkJ3+4qk9Z+E3HtXYxcKIBKX8=",
     "name": "Group B",
     "description": "Description of Group B",
     "type": "PANTHEON",
     "members": [
       "negmDcN2P4ODpqn/6WkJ02zT/0w0bjhGpkZ8UP6vARk=",
       "g59BmTeJIn7HIcnq8VQWgyh/pDbvbt2eyP0Ii60aDDw="
     ]
   }
]
}

priv_getCode

Returns the code of the private smart contract at the specified address. Compiled smart contract code is stored as a hexadecimal value.

Parameters

  • privacyGroupId: string - 32-byte privacy Group ID

  • address: string - 20-byte contract address

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: data - code stored at the specified address

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getCode","params":["1lJxSIP4JOp6uRn9wYsPeWwqoOP1c4nPQjylB4FExUA=", "0xeaf1c1bd00ef0bec5e39fba81740f1c5d05aa201", "latest"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getCode","params":["1lJxSIP4JOp6uRn9wYsPeWwqoOP1c4nPQjylB4FExUA=", "0xeaf1c1bd00ef0bec5e39fba81740f1c5d05aa201", "latest"],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x60806040526004361060485763ffffffff7c01000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000006000350416633fa4f2458114604d57806355241077146071575b600080fd5b348015605857600080fd5b50605f6088565b60408051918252519081900360200190f35b348015607c57600080fd5b506086600435608e565b005b60005481565b60008190556040805182815290517f199cd93e851e4c78c437891155e2112093f8f15394aa89dab09e38d6ca0727879181900360200190a1505600a165627a7a723058209d8929142720a69bde2ab3bfa2da6217674b984899b62753979743c0470a2ea70029"
}

priv_getEeaTransactionCount

Returns the private transaction count for the specified account and group of sender and recipients.

Important

If sending more than one transaction to be mined in the same block (that is, you are not waiting for the transaction receipt), you must calculate the private transaction nonce outside Besu instead of using priv_getEeaTransactionCount.

Parameters

  • address: string - account address

  • sender: string - base64-encoded Orion address of the sender

  • recipients: array of strings - base64-encoded Orion addresses of recipients

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of private transactions sent from the address to the specified group of sender and recipients

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getEeaTransactionCount","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "GGilEkXLaQ9yhhtbpBT03Me9iYa7U/mWXxrJhnbl1XY=", ["KkOjNLmCI6r+mICrC6l+XuEDjFEzQllaMQMpWLl4y1s=","eLb69r4K8/9WviwlfDiZ4jf97P9czyS3DkKu0QYGLjg="]], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getEeaTransactionCount","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "GGilEkXLaQ9yhhtbpBT03Me9iYa7U/mWXxrJhnbl1XY=", ["KkOjNLmCI6r+mICrC6l+XuEDjFEzQllaMQMpWLl4y1s=","eLb69r4K8/9WviwlfDiZ4jf97P9czyS3DkKu0QYGLjg="]], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "0x1"
}

priv_getFilterChanges

Polls the specified filter for a private contract and returns an array of changes that have occurred since the last poll.

Filters for private contracts can only be created by priv_newFilter so unlike eth_getFilterChanges, priv_getFilterChanges always returns an array of log objects or an empty list.

Parameters

  • privacyGroupId: string - 32-byte privacy Group ID

  • filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: array of objects - list of log objects, or an empty list if nothing has changed since the last poll

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getFilterChanges","params": ["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getFilterChanges","params": ["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x4d0",
            "blockHash": "0x1c8200667a869e99b945374c37277b5ee7a7ae67943e13c82563381387553dbb",
            "transactionHash": "0xb1966b9b372ba68952f48f3a3e78f036f5ae82ceca2de972a782d07fb88f6d88",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x991cc548c154b2953cc48c02f782e1314097dfbb",
            "data": "0x",
            "topics": [
                "0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410",
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

priv_getFilterLogs

Returns an array of logs for the specified filter for a private contract.

For private contracts, priv_getFilterLogs is the same as eth_getFilterLogs for public contracts except there is no automatic log bloom caching for private contracts.

Note

priv_getFilterLogs is only used for filters created with priv_newFilter. To specify a filter object and get logs without creating a filter, use priv_getLogs.

Parameters

  • privacyGroupId: string - 32-byte privacy Group ID

  • filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: array of objects - list of log objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getFilterLogs","params":["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getFilterLogs","params":["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x493",
            "blockHash": "0xd9cb3a852e1e02c95f035a2e32d57f82c10cab61faa3e8f5c010adf979bb4786",
            "transactionHash": "0x78866dc51fdf189d8cca74f6a8fe54f172348fbd2163bbe80fa8b106cfc7deb4",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x991cc548c154b2953cc48c02f782e1314097dfbb",
            "data": "0x",
            "topics": [
                "0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410",
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
            ]
        },
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x4d0",
            "blockHash": "0x1c8200667a869e99b945374c37277b5ee7a7ae67943e13c82563381387553dbb",
            "transactionHash": "0xb1966b9b372ba68952f48f3a3e78f036f5ae82ceca2de972a782d07fb88f6d88",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x991cc548c154b2953cc48c02f782e1314097dfbb",
            "data": "0x",
            "topics": [
                "0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410",
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

priv_getLogs

Returns an array of logs matching a specified filter object.

For private contracts, priv_getLogs is the same as eth_getLogs for public contracts except there is no automatic log bloom caching for private contracts.

Parameters

Returns

result: array of objects - list of log objects

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getLogs","params":["vGy/TZgO6y8VPMVeJAQ99MF1NaTf5ohA3TFfzoEF71k=",{"fromBlock": "earliest","toBlock": "latest","addresses": ["0x630c507ff633312087dc33c513b66276abcd2fc3"],"topics": ["0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410"]}],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_getLogs","params":["vGy/TZgO6y8VPMVeJAQ99MF1NaTf5ohA3TFfzoEF71k=",{"fromBlock": "earliest","toBlock": "latest","addresses": ["0x630c507ff633312087dc33c513b66276abcd2fc3"],"topics": ["0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410"]}],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x342",
            "blockHash": "0xf5954f068fa2f2f7741281e8c753a8e92047e27ab3c4971836d2c89fab86d92b",
            "transactionHash": "0xa9ba5cffde9d4ad8997c5c4352d5d49eeea0e9def8a4ea69991b8837c49d4e4f",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x630c507ff633312087dc33c513b66276abcd2fc3",
            "data": "0x",
            "topics": [
                "0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410",
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001"
            ]
        },
        {
            "logIndex": "0x0",
            "removed": false,
            "blockNumber": "0x383",
            "blockHash": "0x91b73a47d53e3a88d62ed091a89a4be7557ad91b552e7ff7d86bf78977d5d45d",
            "transactionHash": "0xc2a185faf00e87434e55b7f70cc4c38be354c2128b4b96b5f5def0b54a2173ec",
            "transactionIndex": "0x0",
            "address": "0x630c507ff633312087dc33c513b66276abcd2fc3",
            "data": "0x",
            "topics": [
                "0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410",
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000002"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

priv_getPrivacyPrecompileAddress

Returns the address of the privacy precompiled contract. The address is derived and based on the value of the privacy-flexible-groups-enabled option.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - address of the privacy precompile

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getPrivacyPrecompileAddress","params":[], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getPrivacyPrecompileAddress","params":[], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x000000000000000000000000000000000000007e"
}

priv_getPrivateTransaction

Returns the private transaction if you are a participant, otherwise, null.

Parameters

transaction: string - transaction hash returned by eea_sendRawTransaction or eea_sendTransaction.

Returns

result: object - private transaction object, or null if not a participant in the private transaction

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getPrivateTransaction","params":["0x623c4ce5275a87b91f4f1c521012d39ca19311c787bde405490f4c0426a71498"], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getPrivateTransaction","params":["0x623c4ce5275a87b91f4f1c521012d39ca19311c787bde405490f4c0426a71498"], "id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
        "gas": "0x2dc6c0",
        "gasPrice": "0x0",
        "hash": "0x623c4ce5275a87b91f4f1c521012d39ca19311c787bde405490f4c0426a71498",
        "input": "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",
        "nonce": "0x0",
        "to": null,
        "value": "0x0",
        "v": "0xfe8",
        "r": "0x654a6a9663ca70bb13e27cca14b3777cc92da184e19a151cdeef2ccbbd5c6405",
        "s": "0x5dd4667b020c8a5af7ae28d4c3126f8dcb1187f49dcf0de9d7a39b1651892eef",
        "privateFrom": "negmDcN2P4ODpqn/6WkJ02zT/0w0bjhGpkZ8UP6vARk=",
        "privateFor": [
            "g59BmTeJIn7HIcnq8VQWgyh/pDbvbt2eyP0Ii60aDDw="
        ],
        "restriction": "restricted"
    }
}

priv_getTransactionCount

Returns the private transaction count for specified account and privacy group.

Important

If sending more than one transaction to be mined in the same block (that is, you are not waiting for the transaction receipt), you must calculate the private transaction nonce outside Besu instead of using priv_getTransactionCount.

Parameters

  • address: string - account address

  • privacyGroupId: string - privacy group ID

Returns

result: string - integer representing the number of private transactions sent from the address to the specified privacy group

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getTransactionCount","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "kAbelwaVW7okoEn1+okO+AbA4Hhz/7DaCOWVQz9nx5M="], "id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getTransactionCount","params":["0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73", "kAbelwaVW7okoEn1+okO+AbA4Hhz/7DaCOWVQz9nx5M="], "id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": "0x1"
}

priv_getTransactionReceipt

Returns information about the private transaction after mining the transaction. Receipts for pending transactions are not available.

Parameters

transaction: string - 32-byte hash of a transaction

Returns

result: object - private Transaction receipt object, or null if no receipt found

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getTransactionReceipt","params":["0xf3ab9693ad92e277bf785e1772f29fb1864904bbbe87b0470455ddb082caab9d"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"priv_getTransactionReceipt","params":["0xf3ab9693ad92e277bf785e1772f29fb1864904bbbe87b0470455ddb082caab9d"],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "blockHash": "0xe7212a92cfb9b06addc80dec2a0dfae9ea94fd344efeb157c41e12994fcad60a",
        "blockNumber": "0x50",
        "contractAddress": "0x493b76031593402e24e16faa81f677b58e2d53f3",
        "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
        "logs": [],
        "to": "0xf17f52151ebef6c7334fad080c5704d77216b732",
        "transactionHash": "0x36219e92b5f53d4150aa9ef7d2d793118cced523de6724100da5b534e3ceb4b8",
        "transactionIndex": "0x0",
        "output": "0x6080604052600436106049576000357c010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
        0000000000000900463ffffffff1680633fa4f24514604e57806355241077146076575b600080fd5b3480156059
        57600080fd5b50606060a0565b6040518082815260200191505060405180910390f35b348015608157600080fd5b
        50609e6004803603810190808035906020019092919050505060a6565b005b60005481565b8060008190555050560
        0a165627a7a723058202bdbba2e694dba8fff33d9d0976df580f57bff0a40e25a46c398f8063b4c00360029",
        "commitmentHash": "0x79b9e6b0856db398ad7dc208f15b1d38c0c0b0c5f99e4a443a2c5a85510e96a5",
        "status": "0x1",
        "privateFrom": "negmDcN2P4ODpqn/6WkJ02zT/0w0bjhGpkZ8UP6vARk=",
        "privacyGroupId": "cD636RZlcqVSpoxT/ExbkWQfBO7kPAZO0QlWHErNSL8=",
        "logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
    }
}

priv_newFilter

Creates a log filter for a private contract. To poll for logs associated with the created filter, use priv_getFilterChanges. To get all logs associated with the filter, use priv_getFilterLogs.

For private contracts, priv_newFilter is the same as eth_newFilter for public contracts.

Parameters

Note

fromBlock and toBlock in the filter options object default to latest.

Returns

result: string - filter ID

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_newFilter","params": ["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=",{"fromBlock": "earliest","toBlock": "latest","addresses": ["0x991cc548c154b2953cc48c02f782e1314097dfbb"],"topics": ["0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410"]}],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_newFilter","params": ["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=",{"fromBlock": "earliest","toBlock": "latest","addresses": ["0x991cc548c154b2953cc48c02f782e1314097dfbb"],"topics": ["0x85bea11d86cefb165374e0f727bacf21dc2f4ea816493981ecf72dcfb212a410"]}],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": "0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"
}

priv_uninstallFilter

Uninstalls a filter for a private contract with the specified ID. When a filter is no longer required, call this method.

Filters time out when not requested by priv_getFilterChanges or priv_getFilterLogs for 10 minutes.

For private contracts, priv_uninstallFilter is the same as eth_uninstallFilter for public contracts.

Parameters

  • privacyGroupId: string - 32-byte privacy Group ID

  • filterId: string - filter ID

Returns

result: boolean - indicates if the filter is successfully uninstalled

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_uninstallFilter","params":["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0","method": "priv_uninstallFilter","params":["4rFldHM792LeP/e2WPkTXZedjwKuTr/KwCFTt6mBbkI=","0x4a35b92809d73f4f53a2355d62125442"],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": true
}

TRACE methods

The TRACE API is a more concise alternative to the DEBUG API.

Note

The TRACE API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the TRACE API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

trace_block

Provides transaction processing of type trace for the specified block.

Important

Your node must be an archive node (that is, synchronized without pruning or fast sync) or the requested block must be within the number of pruning blocks retained (by default, 1024).

Parameters

blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

Returns

result: array of objects - list of calls to other contracts containing one object per call, in transaction execution order; if revert reason is enabled with --revert-reason-enabled, the returned list items include the revert reason.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"trace_block","params":["0x6"],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"trace_block","params":["0x6"],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": [
      {
        "action": {
          "callType": "call",
          "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
          "gas": "0xffad82",
          "input": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000999",
          "to": "0x0020000000000000000000000000000000000000",
          "value": "0x0"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x71512d31e18f828cef069a87bc2c7514a8ca334f9ee72625efdf5cc2d43768dd",
        "blockNumber": 6,
        "result": {
          "gasUsed": "0x7536",
          "output": "0x"
        },
        "subtraces": 1,
        "traceAddress": [],
        "transactionHash": "0x91eeabc671e2dd2b1c8ddebb46ba59e8cb3e7d189f80bcc868a9787728c6e59e",
        "transactionPosition": 0,
        "type": "call"
      },
      {
        "action": {
          "address": "0x0020000000000000000000000000000000000000",
          "balance": "0x300",
          "refundAddress": "0x0000000000000999000000000000000000000000"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x71512d31e18f828cef069a87bc2c7514a8ca334f9ee72625efdf5cc2d43768dd",
        "blockNumber": 6,
        "result": null,
        "subtraces": 0,
        "traceAddress": [
          0
        ],
        "transactionHash": "0x91eeabc671e2dd2b1c8ddebb46ba59e8cb3e7d189f80bcc868a9787728c6e59e",
        "transactionPosition": 0,
        "type": "suicide"
      },
      {
        "action": {
          "author": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
          "rewardType": "block",
          "value": "0x1bc16d674ec80000"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x71512d31e18f828cef069a87bc2c7514a8ca334f9ee72625efdf5cc2d43768dd",
        "blockNumber": 6,
        "result": null,
        "subtraces": 0,
        "traceAddress": [],
        "transactionHash": null,
        "transactionPosition": null,
        "type": "reward"
      }
    ],
    "id": 1
  }

trace_replayBlockTransactions

Provides transaction processing tracing per block.

Important

Your node must be an archive node (that is, synchronized without pruning or fast sync) or the requested block must be within the number of pruning blocks retained (by default, 1024).

Parameters

  • blockNumber: string - integer representing a block number or one of the string tags latest, earliest, or pending, as described in Block Parameter

  • options: array of strings - list of tracing options; tracing options are trace, vmTrace, and stateDiff. Specify any combination of the three options including none of them.

Returns

result: array of objects - list of transaction trace objects containing one object per transaction, in transaction execution order; if revert reason is enabled with --revert-reason-enabled, the trace list items in the returned transaction trace object include the revert reason.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "trace_replayBlockTransactions","params": ["0x12",["trace","vmTrace","stateDiff"]],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "trace_replayBlockTransactions","params": ["0x12",["trace","vmTrace","stateDiff"]],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result":[
      {
        "output":"0x",
        "vmTrace":{
          "code":"0x7f3940be4289e4c3587d88c1856cc95352461992db0a584c281226faefe560b3016000527f14c4d2c102bdeb2354bfc3dc96a95e4512cf3a8461e0560e2272dbf884ef3905601052600851",
          "ops":[
            {
              "cost":3,
              "ex":{
                "mem":null,
                "push":[
                  "0x8"
                ],
                "store":null,
                "used":16756175
              },
              "pc":72,
              "sub":null
            },
            ...
          ]
        },
        "trace":[
          {
            "action":{
              "callType":"call",
              "from":"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
              "gas":"0xffadea",
              "input":"0x",
              "to":"0x0100000000000000000000000000000000000000",
              "value":"0x0"
            },
            "result":{
              "gasUsed":"0x1e",
              "output":"0x"
            },
            "subtraces":0,
            "traceAddress":[
            ],
            "type":"call"
          }
        ],
        "stateDiff":{
          "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73":{
            "balance":{
              "*":{
                "from":"0xffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffc3e12a20b",
                "to":"0xffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffc3dc5f091"
              }
            },
            "code":"=",
            "nonce":{
              "*":{
                "from":"0x14",
                "to":"0x15"
              }
            },
            "storage":{
            }
          }
        },
        "transactionHash":"0x2a5079cc535c429f668f13a7fb9a28bdba6831b5462bd04f781777b332a8fcbd",
      },
      {...}
    ]
}

trace_transaction

Provides transaction processing of type trace for the specified transaction.

Important

Your node must be an archive node (that is, synchronized without pruning or fast sync) or the requested transaction must be contained in a block within the number of pruning blocks retained (by default, 1024).

Parameters

transaction: string - transaction hash

Returns

result: array of objects - list of calls to other contracts containing one object per call, in the order called by the transaction; if revert reason is enabled with --revert-reason-enabled, the returned list items include the revert reason.

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "trace_transaction","params": ["0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7"],"id": 1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "method": "trace_transaction","params": ["0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7"],"id": 1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": [
      {
        "action": {
          "creationMethod": "create",
          "from": "0x627306090abab3a6e1400e9345bc60c78a8bef57",
          "gas": "0xff2e26",
          "init": "0x60006000600060006000732c2b9c9a4a25e24b174f26114e8926a9f2128fe45af2600060006000600060007300a00000000000000000000000000000000000005af2",
          "value": "0x0"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x7e9a993adc6f043c0a9b6a385e6ed3fa370586c55823251b8fa7033cf89d414e",
        "blockNumber": 19,
        "result": {
          "address": "0x30753e4a8aad7f8597332e813735def5dd395028",
          "code": "0x",
          "gasUsed": "0x1c39"
        },
        "subtraces": 2,
        "traceAddress": [],
        "transactionHash": "0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7",
        "transactionPosition": 3,
        "type": "create"
      },
      {
        "action": {
          "callType": "callcode",
          "from": "0x30753e4a8aad7f8597332e813735def5dd395028",
          "gas": "0xfb2ea9",
          "input": "0x",
          "to": "0x2c2b9c9a4a25e24b174f26114e8926a9f2128fe4",
          "value": "0x0"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x7e9a993adc6f043c0a9b6a385e6ed3fa370586c55823251b8fa7033cf89d414e",
        "blockNumber": 19,
        "result": {
          "gasUsed": "0x138e",
          "output": "0x"
        },
        "subtraces": 1,
        "traceAddress": [
          0
        ],
        "transactionHash": "0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7",
        "transactionPosition": 3,
        "type": "call"
      },
      {
        "action": {
          "address": "0x30753e4a8aad7f8597332e813735def5dd395028",
          "balance": "0x0",
          "refundAddress": "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x7e9a993adc6f043c0a9b6a385e6ed3fa370586c55823251b8fa7033cf89d414e",
        "blockNumber": 19,
        "result": null,
        "subtraces": 0,
        "traceAddress": [
          0,
          0
        ],
        "transactionHash": "0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7",
        "transactionPosition": 3,
        "type": "suicide"
      },
      {
        "action": {
          "callType": "callcode",
          "from": "0x30753e4a8aad7f8597332e813735def5dd395028",
          "gas": "0xfb18a5",
          "input": "0x",
          "to": "0x00a0000000000000000000000000000000000000",
          "value": "0x0"
        },
        "blockHash": "0x7e9a993adc6f043c0a9b6a385e6ed3fa370586c55823251b8fa7033cf89d414e",
        "blockNumber": 19,
        "result": {
          "gasUsed": "0x30b",
          "output": "0x"
        },
        "subtraces": 0,
        "traceAddress": [
          1
        ],
        "transactionHash": "0x4c253746668dca6ac3f7b9bc18248b558a95b5fc881d140872c2dff984d344a7",
        "transactionPosition": 3,
        "type": "call"
      }
    ],
    "id": 1
}

TXPOOL methods

The TXPOOL API methods allow you to inspect the contents of the transaction pool.

Note

The TXPOOL API methods are not enabled by default for JSON-RPC. To enable the TXPOOL API methods, use the --rpc-http-api or --rpc-ws-api options.

txpool_besuPendingTransactions

Lists pending transactions that match the supplied filter conditions.

Parameters

  • numResults: number - integer representing the maximum number of results to return

  • fields: object - object of fields used to create the filter condition

Each field in the object corresponds to a field name containing an operator, and a value for the operator. A field name can only be specified once, and can only contain one operator. For example, you cannot query transactions with a gas price between 8 and 9 Gwei by using both the gt and lt operator in the same field name instance.

All filters must be satisfied for a transaction to be returned.

Field name Value Value type Supported operators
from Address of the sender. Data, 20 bytes eq
to Address of the receiver, or "contract_creation". Data, 20 bytes eq, action
gas Gas provided by the sender. Quantity eq, gt, lt
gasPrice Gas price, in wei, provided by the sender. Quantity eq, gt, lt
value Value transferred, in wei. Quantity eq, gt, lt
nonce Number of transactions made by the sender. Quantity eq, gt, lt

Supported operators:

  • eq (equal to)

  • lt (less than)

  • gt (greater than)

  • action

Note

The only supported action is "contract_creation".

Returns

result: array of objects - list of objects with details of the pending transaction

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuPendingTransactions","params":[2,{"from":{"eq":"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73"},"gas":{"lt":"0x5209"},"nonce":{"gt":"0x1"}}],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuPendingTransactions","params":[2,{"from":{"eq":"0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73"},"gas":{"lt":"0x5209"},"nonce":{"gt":"0x1"}}],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "result": [
    {
      "from": "0xfe3b557e8fb62b89f4916b721be55ceb828dbd73",
      "gas": "0x5208",
      "gasPrice": "0xab5d04c00",
      "hash": "0xb7b2f4306c1c228ec94043da73b582594007091a7dfe024b1f8d6d772284e54b",
      "input": "0x",
      "nonce": "0x2",
      "to": "0xf8be4ebda7f62d79a665294ec1263bfdb59aabf2",
      "value": "0x0",
      "v": "0xfe8",
      "r": "0x5beb711e652c6cf0a589d3cea904eefc4f45ce4372652288701d08cc4412086d",
      "s": "0x3af14a56e63aa5fb7dcb444a89708363a9d2c1eba1f777c67690288415080ded"
    }
  ]
}

txpool_besuStatistics

Lists statistics about the node transaction pool.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: object - transaction pool statistics object with the following fields:

  • maxSize: number - maximum number of transactions kept in the transaction pool; use the --tx-pool-max-size option to configure the maximum size.

  • localCount: number - number of transactions submitted directly to this node

  • remoteCount: number - number of transactions received from remote nodes

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuStatistics","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuStatistics","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "maxSize": 4096,
        "localCount": 1,
        "remoteCount": 0
    }
}

txpool_besuTransactions

Lists transactions in the node transaction pool.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: array of objects - list of transactions

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuTransactions","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"txpool_besuTransactions","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": [
        {
            "hash": "0x8a66830098be4006a3f63a03b6e9b67aa721e04bd6b46d420b8f1937689fb4f1",
            "isReceivedFromLocalSource": true,
            "addedToPoolAt": "2019-03-21T01:35:50.911Z"
        },
        {
            "hash": "0x41ee803c3987ceb5bcea0fad7a76a8106a2a6dd654409007d9931032ea54579b",
            "isReceivedFromLocalSource": true,
            "addedToPoolAt": "2019-03-21T01:36:00.374Z"
        }
    ]
}

WEB3 methods

The WEB3 API methods provide functionality for the Ethereum ecosystem.

web3_clientVersion

Returns the current client version.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: string - current client version

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"web3_clientVersion","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"web3_clientVersion","params":[],"id":1}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "besu/<version>"
}

web3_sha3

Returns a SHA3 hash of the specified data. The result value is a Keccak-256 hash, not the standardized SHA3-256.

Parameters

data: string - data to convert to a SHA3 hash

Returns

result: string - SHA3 result of the input data

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"web3_sha3","params":["0x68656c6c6f20776f726c00"],"id":53}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"web3_sha3","params":["0x68656c6c6f20776f726c00"],"id":53}
{
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "id" : 53,
  "result" : "0x5e39a0a66544c0668bde22d61c47a8710000ece931f13b84d3b2feb44ec96d3f"
}

Miscellaneous methods

rpc_modules

Lists enabled APIs and the version of each.

Parameters

None

Returns

result: map of strings to strings - enabled APIs and their versions

Example

curl -X POST --data '{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"rpc_modules","params":[],"id":1}' http://127.0.0.1:8545
{"jsonrpc":"2.0","method":"rpc_modules","params":[],"id":1}
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": 1,
    "result": {
        "web3": "1.0",
        "eth": "1.0",
        "net": "1.0"
    }
}
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