Updated 2019-09-13

Azure Private Network Quickstart Tutorial

This tutorial describes how to use the Hyperledger Besu quickstart to run a private network of Besu nodes in a Docker container in a Linux Virtual machine hosted on Microsoft Azure.


Duration : Approximately 20 minutes

The duration includes the Azure resources deployment (usually around 5 minutes) but it can vary. This tutorial contains some optional steps that will increase the duration.



Deploy the Quickstart

One Click Deploy

Deploy the Besu Quickstart on Microsoft Azure by clicking the button below.

Deploy to Azure

If prompted to log in to the Azure Portal, log in before being redirected to the deployment form.

Filling in the Azure Deployment Form
  • Subscription : Default
  • Resource group : Click Create new and enter besu-quickstart
  • Vm Name : Default
  • Admin Username : Default
  • Admin Password : Create a password between 12 and 72 characters with numbers, lower and upper-case letters, and a special symbol
  • Vm Size : Standard DS2s v3 is the minimum usable size for this quickstart.

Deploy Manually

To deploy manually instead of using the One Click Deploy, expand the instructions.

Manual Deployment Steps

Connect to Azure Portal

Log into Azure portal using your account credentials.

Create Resources

On the home page, click Create resource button at the top left hand corner.

Search the Marketplace for Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS by Canonical and click on it. An information page is displayed. Accept the default deployment model of Resource Manager and click Create.

In Create a virtual machine, set the following values for each tab:

Basics Step
  • Subscription → Free trial
  • Resource group → Create a group and name it. For example, besu-quickstart
  • Virtual machine name → quickstart
  • Region → Default
  • Availability options → No infrastructure redundancy required
  • Image → Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS
  • Size → Default. The quickstart doesn’t require a lot of power and disk space. A Standard D2s v3 (2 vcpus, 8 GB memory) is enough and is less expensive.
  • Authentication type → Choose the one you prefer
  • Username → Provide a user name. azure is used for this tutorial.
  • Depending on the authentication method, enter the password or the public key.
  • Login with Azure Active Directory → off
  • Public inbound ports → Allow selected ports
  • Select inbound ports → Select HTTP and SSH

At the top of the page, select the Guest config tab.

Guest Config

This step installs the required software (Docker and Docker-compose) on your virtual machine and retrieves and runs the quickstart private network.

  1. Click on the Select an extension to install link and a new resource pane is displayed on the right.

  2. In the list, click Custom Script For Linux. Another pane is displayed with a blue Create button at the bottom.

  3. Click the blue Create button. A form with two fields is displayed.

  4. In another browser tab or window, open https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Hyperledger/besu-quickstart/master/azure/install_and_run.sh

  5. Save (Ctrl+S) this script to your computer, in any location, called install_and_run.sh.

  6. Click on the Script files field and select the install_and_run.sh script you saved.

  7. In the Command field, enter (replacing the pre filled sh script.sh):

    sh install_and_run.sh azure


    The username is included at the end of this command, azure in this example. Use the username defined in the Basics step.

  8. Click Ok.

  9. Click the Review + create blue button at the bottom of the page.

  10. When the green Validation passed message is displayed at the top of the screen, press the blue Create button.

Access Resources

Now your Quickstart is deploying, a Your deployment is underway screen is displayed. The deployment takes approximately 5 minutes.

Once the deployment is complete, Your deployment is complete is displayed with a list of deployed resources.

Your deployment is complete screenshot

CLick the quickstart resource (the VM) in the list. The machine overview page is displayed.

Accessing the Alethio EthStats Lite Block Explorer

On the right of the virtual machine page, the Public IP address of this machine is displayed. Copy the public IP address and copy it into the navigation bar of a new browser tab or window.

The EthStats Lite Block Explorer is displayed. Wait a few seconds and 6 peers and the blocks mined are displayed.

Alethio EthStat-light explorer

RPC Endpoints

For the following optional tutorial steps, the RPC endpoints are:

  • HTTP RPC endpoint: http://<your VM public IP>/jsonrpc
  • WebSocket RPC endpoint: ws://<your VM public IP>/jsonws

Optional Private Network Tutorial

Follow the private network quickstart tutorial starting from creating RPC requests.

When complete, resume this tutorial to shut down your resources.

Shutting Down the Quickstart


Don’t forget to shutdown the quickstart because it will consume your Azure resources and that can be expensive or drain free credits from your trial account.

Options for shutting down are:

I Want to Remove Everything From My Azure Account

This is the easiest way to ensure your Azure resources won’t consume any credits.

In the Azure portal, navigate to your resource group (for example, besu-quickstart) and click the Delete resource group button.

I Want to Remove the Virtual Machine Only

In the Azure portal, navigate to your resource group (for example, besu-quickstart) and click the virtual machine resource and click the Delete button.

I Want to Keep the Virtual Machine but Remove the Besu Network

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to the VM:

    1. Click All services in the left pane
    2. Click Virtual machines
    3. Click VM you named quickstart
  2. Click the connect button to obtain the information to connect with SSH (see Requirements).

  3. Once connected to the machine, go to the besu-quickstart directory:

    cd besu-quickstart

  4. Run the remove script:


  5. To run the network again, use the following script:

    bash ./run.sh -p 80

    Where 80 is the port number for the Block Explorer and RPC connections.

I Want to Stop the Besu Network and Be Able to Resume It

Connect to the VM using SSH as for I want to keep the VM but remove the nodes network but instead of running the remove script, run the stop script:


To resume the network: